Home > Records > Participatory Research, Citizen Sciences and Fab Labs for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals > United Nations - 2021 December 14-16 - Participatory Research, Citizen Sciences, Crowd-Innovation and Fab Labs for Peace and Development - Annual International Conference
6th Annual International Conference on Participatory Research, Citizen Sciences, Crowd-Innovation and Fab Labs for Peace and Development - 14 to 16 December, 2021, United Nations Organized by Objectif Sciences International,
in Official Partnership with ECSA, AddictLab, FabLab DigiScope and Université Paris Saclay
in Partnership of communication with (Other continental or worldwide networks, please contact us)
Please forward to everybody you know active in the domain.
Below the Call for Contributions (Call for Abstract).
For all proposal of communication for the Program, please use the form on this page.
Thank you to use the form at the bottom of the page to subscribe, including if you want to attend only as audience.
Call for Contribution 2021 :
International Annual Conference on the Participatory Researches, Citizen Sciences, Crwod-Innovation and Fab Labs
in the frame of the 13th GENEVA FORUM at UN, December 13-17, 2021
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
|Tuesday 14 December aftermoon, Wednesday 15 December whole day and Thursday 16 december morning, 2021
from 09:00 to 18:00
Wednesday evening, de 19:00 à 23:00 : Networking Dinner of Science for Peace and Development Networks
|FREE ENTRANCE UNDER SUBSCRIPTION (United Nations Access Pass)|
|Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french.|
|Leading Projects of Education to Science and Citizen Sciences since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objective Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. From 2016, and every year, OSI organize into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle the International Annual Conference on the Citizen Sciences and Participatory Researches, in order to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.|
|Crowd Sourced Sciences|
Operators of Citizen Sciences who exchange already at national and continental levels (Europe, America, Asia, Africa, Middle-East...) and who desire to exchange together, and share practices and solutions, at the world level, meet together at the Annual International Conference organized in the United Nations.
Fab Labs / Citizen Science / Participative Researches
Several public or associative organizations that are active in the domain of Citizen Sciences or Participative Research, federated or organized, at the national level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on the Citizen Sciences and the Participative Researches, at United Nations, in Geneva.
This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.
Your Annual Exchanges Resource
In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.
The participants at this Conference are:
- Local and regional actors of different countries
- Thematic Actors by scientific disciplines
- Regional or national federations
- Thematic Federations, by scientific disciplines
- Large Institutions of Science or Education
- Government departments (Education, Research, Environment, Industry ...) and international associations of Ministries
- Specialized Journalists (science, environment, education, sustainable development ...)
- UN agencies (UNDP, UNEP ...)
Subjects that are in the agenda of this year are:
- Standards and references of exchange on Citizen Science practices between national and international organizations
- National and international Charts of Citizen Science, examples, projects, ongoing discussions of shares
- Financing Solutions of the actions of Citizen Science
- Access of citizen actors to the Research beyond their simple contributions
- Administrative Status / legislative / recognition / etc of actors of Citizen Science projects
- The Citizen Research, beyond the digital interface
- Expected Features of web portals of Citizen Science
- Services for Citizen Science provided by FabLabs
- Dissemination and Exploitation of the results to the uninvolved Big Public
- Road map for the mutual opening of the data collected
|Special Chamber by and for the FabLab : FabLab for the Sustainable Development|
|FAB SDGs is the Macro-Management Initiative created by OSI - Open Science International (Objectif Sciences International) and Fablab Digiscope - Université Paris-Saclay to facilitate the alignment of fablab activities with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). |
This workshop of the the Conference, organized in this long term collaboration with the GENEVA FORUM will gather experts from the global fablab network who already align with the SDGs together with new comers willing to align their fablab programs with the SDGs. For this second session at the GENEVA FORUM 2021, the FAB SDGs Working Group will focus on detecting existing and robust programs that already align with the SDGs through an anticipated call for contribution to fablabs. This call will also give new comers the opportunity to expose new programs and activities - even the most disruptive ones - aligning with the SDGs.
During the GENEVA FORUM, we will discuss the panel of strategies to support, to distribute, and to bring the most advanced fablab activities, programs and peoples to align with the SDGs at a global scale, to promote the alignment between the Open Science Practices and the SDGs.
For participating as speaker at this workshop, you just need to register at GENEVA FORUM on this page, then follow instruction your will received to post a proposal of presentation.
For participating as listener and participant, you just need to register at GENEVA FORUM on this page.
Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in a round table between speakers and debates with the audience of the Assembly.
Organiser : NGO Objective Sciences International, Geneva
|Mr Thomas EGLI|
GENEVA FORUM at United Nations : www.osi-genevaforum.org
Know more about Thomas EGLI, Founder of Objectif Sciences International, CEO of the GENEVA FORUM
|Mr Romain DI VOZZO|
in charge of the Fab Lab Chamber
Fablab Digiscope|Université paris-Saclay|FAB SDGs Initiative
Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2021, where are described the days dedicated to the Conference on Science for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.
Official Opening Session
Official welcoming session for Fab Lab Chamber : Tuesday 14 December 3:00 pm
Session organised in partnership with Fab Foundation, FAB SDGs Initiative, Université Paris Saclay and Objectif Sciences International.
- Remarks on current situation
- informal gathering of Fab Labs; Welcome and preparation for Wednesday Fab Lab activities
Official welcoming session for Citizen Science Chamber : Wednesday 15 December 1:30 pm
Session organised in partnership with ECSA, AddictLab, Science et Cité and Objectif Sciences International.
- Remarks on current situation
- Remarks about concepts of the International Annual Conference
Presentations currently proposed for 2021
Citizen science: more than just a data-collection tool (a case study from Cyprus) ORAL PRESENTATION
Data is vital to identifying the cause and potential solution to problems. Unfortunately, often a large amount of data is needed to draw these conclusions, an amount that is often impossible for researchers to collect alone. A viable solution to this problem is a tool known as citizen science. Citizen science involves the mobilisation of the public to assist in data collection. The data gathered from citizen science efforts have helped draw conclusions and present solutions to known problems. One of the vastest environmental problems currently plaguing the earth is that of marine litter. Marine litter is having documented detrimental effects on both wildlife and humans. The public is often unaware of the true destruction caused by marine litter and do not understand that it affects everyone regardless of nationality or social standing.
This is the concept that led to the implementation of the MarLitCy project, to introduce the issue of marine litter to Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, collect much-needed data on the distribution of litter on the divided Mediterranean island of Cyprus and bring together two communities in conflict over a common goal. This vital data will be used to supplement the marine litter database of the project which is subsequently used to inform on decisions that affect the wellbeing of the island.
Through the implementation of joint, bi-communal activities involving beach and seabed cleanups with volunteers and divers, MarLitCy brings an unconventional twist on the idea of citizen science not just for the collection of large amounts of data but also as a tool to spark conversation and understanding between two divided communities and to increase the awareness of a country on the issues that affect them. This paper will present the outcomes and lessons-learned from these citizen-science actions and how this can be replicated to facilitate extensive data collection alongside cooperation.
Abstract in englishThe MarLitCy Project is funded by the European Union under the Cypriot Civil Society in Action VI grant scheme and implemented by Famagusta Walled City Association (MASDER), AKTI Project and Research Centre, North Cyprus Diving Centres Association, and Enalia Physis Environmental Research Centre.
Mrs Christina BALDWIN and Xenia LOIZIDOU and ATAI Serdar, Famagusta Walled City Association MASDER, MarLitCy: Marine Litter for Synergies, and Capacity-building, Cyprus, http://www.marlitcy.eu/
On Nature Peaks ORAL PRESENTATION
In July, I went to Chandolin, one of the highest villages of Europe to participate, with other uninitiated, to the program of On Nature Peaks.
This program is a mix of botanic and alpinism, where participants, from 13 to 45 years old, collect botanic data, supervised by a professional botanist. It is included in the BIODIVERSITA project, which is composed of a lot of other programs, and which objective is the etude and conservation of the biodiversity, via citizen research.
Mr Luc IMBERT, ONG Objectif Sciences International - OSI BIODIVERSITA, France, https://www.osi-biodiversita.org/
Botan’Isle : Mobile gardens for plant education and ethnobotany research. ORAL PRESENTATION
Creating and impulsing meaningful changes in our societies will involve several layers of innovation, from education and research to industry. Can we, as companies, reimagine our way of innovating, taking into account the real needs of citizens, the ecological balance of the world, and maintaining a virtuous work cycle ? Benephyt, created in 2013 as an independent research company, aims at tackling the matter of chronic pain, a disease that touches more than 30% of citizens worldwide, and currently lacks efficient long term treatments. In addition, Benephyt now has several new missions like encouraging biodiversity, protecting and translating ethnobotanical knowledge to a large and diverse public.
Our objective is to rediscover, assess and explore the relevance of traditional knowledge for the treatment of chronic pain and other relevant uses of plants , through ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological approaches.
For this purpose, knowledge collection and crowd-sourcing of information is required. In an attempt to make this exchange of knowledge virtuous and ethical, we imagined the prototype of a modular and mobile educational garden that will allow us to both communicate and gather information about the local use of plants in the East of France. This polyvalent tool could allow education and research opportunities in all kinds of locations and in the most unexpected places, from cities to remote villages and from libraries to supermarkets.
Overall, we hope that this prototype will become a valuable tool of research in the field of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology as well as for raising environmental awareness among citizens and therefore adding to the global effort for the sensibilization to biodiversity protection and conservation.
Mrs Eléa HEBERLE, Ph.D ; Ethnopharmacology researcher - Benephyt, France, www.benephyt.fr
Along the tree - springtails ORAL PRESENTATION
Presentation of two research projects about soils. Evaluation of the efficiency of various protocols on soils’ observation. Participation to an experiment aiming to alter the relations of individuals to the soils.
Mr Pierre DEBELLEMANIERE, ONG Objectif SCiences International - OSI PERCEPTIONN, France, https://www.osi-perception.org/
When the biodiversity of ecosystems meets the citizen science ORAL PRESENTATION
How have a better understanding of the interactions, within an ecosystem, of the various life forms in order to offer innovative ecological solutions ?
The solution could be to raise awareness on integrated management systems through project educqtion to increase familiarity with ones’ environment.
Mrs Solène TOUZEAU, ONG Objectif Sciences International - OSI PERCEPTION, France, https://www.osi-perception.org
Moth and Comllembola ORAL PRESENTATION
The trip in the course of the trees Pyralidae and Springtails created by OSI present :
The pyralidae, an invasive species that destroys every bush in its path ! However, we don’t know everything about them .... The number of times they moult is still unknown and predators hapve been discovered by OSI !
The springtails are super heroes invisible to the naked eye ! Yet without them we cannot live ! They provide nutrients and aerate the soil better than anyone else !
Mr Paule-Elie RABIER and Mr Amaury BARRET, ONG Objectif Sciences International OSI PERCEPTION, France, https://www.osi-perception.org/
OSI PANTHERA CITIZEN SCIENCE EXPEDITIONS TO PROTECT THE SNOW LEOPARD AND ITS ECOSYSTEM ORAL PRESENTATION
Since 2007, the Panthera program has been working to protect the snow leopard and its ecosystem in Kyrgyzstan and Nepal through the organization of citizen science expeditions.
Camera trapping, genetic analysis and wildlife monitoring are part of the program in partnership with local nature reserves and associations.
Mr Bastien CHAIX, OSI PANTHERA, France, www.osi-panthera.org
Water Watch ORAL PRESENTATION
The Water Watch trip goal is about solving problems we can find in aquatic ecosystems in France and all around the world.
During this stay we could notice that the electro-conductivity was higher for the rivers Fontaine des Allemands and Miére than for the Pré Janneton and Petit Vair, which allows us to know the rate of nutritive salt in the water.
But we could also notice that there was no nitrite, dangerous for the living beings.
Mrs Maïra AGUILAR-BRE, ONG Objectif Sciences International, France, https://www.osi-water-watch.org/
Clean Games REMOTE ORAL PRESENTATION
Clean Games are team competitions in cleaning up local territories. The participants compete in waste collecting and sorting, and the winners are awarded. The players use the mobile app — it is like Pokemon Go but with garbage.
An event gathers from 30 to 1500 people. They collect from 0.5 to 20 tons of waste for an hour. In general, the Clean Games participant can collect 10 times more waste than during a traditional clean-up. Games are held as city festivals with a host, music and a picnic.
The project started in 2014 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Since then more than 1250 games have been held in 436 Russian cities, the USA, China, Japan, and 23 more countries in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
The games have united more than 87 000 players, who have collected more than 3200 tons of waste. The Clean Games methodology is spread free of charge.
Mr Anton ZAITSEV, Russian Federation, Russian Federation, https://cleangames.org
Exploring perspectives of more resilient Cities in Africa REMOTE ORAL PRESENTATION
In the context of land use planning or town planning, we talk about resilient cities. The resilient city seems to be the solution to many of the urban challenges of African hamlets, especially with the advent of the pandemic. Africa has launched a few years ago towards a policy of smart cities and sustainable cities. So what are the criteria for a model of a resilient African city if we look at certain countries that already stand out ? What aspects must now be taken into account in this context of health crisis while ensuring the sustainability of these sustainable city projects ?
We will give a general definition of the different terms for cities, take examples of African cities and explore important aspects to define the basis of a resilient city model. We will then highlight the importance of educating the population and the youth so that they can participate in this action while giving one or two examples.
Ms. Essi Farida GERALDO ; Youth Architect Community, Togo, https://www.facebook.com/youtharchidar/
Lidar in everyday life ORAL PRESENTATION
During these summer holidays in Crupies, a small town next to Valence in the mountains, I and young people interested in computer science worked on sensors, more precisely on the lidar which makes it possible to scan a space in 3D to be able to scan a caves in Mexico difficult to access by humans with other common stays.
Mr Gabriel CHAUVELIER, ONG Objectif Sciences International - OSI CHIP HACKADEMY, France, https://www.osi-chip-hackademy.org/
Centering Participatory Action Research in Racial Equity and Global Justice REMOTE ORAL PRESENTATION
Across the globe, more and more organizations are making commitments to achieve racial equity and global justice, but the complexities surrounding achieving such goals are not always clear. To effectively address racial equity at RAND, it’s important to upskill ourselves in these intersectional research spaces in order to better understand the implications they have on our daily work and research.
At the same time, we must acknowledge that personal beliefs/perceptions, and not always data, are what determine how people respond to efforts taken to increase equity. Balancing racial equity studies, policy analysis, and cross-functional awareness, are key to making the work at the RAND Center to Advance Racial Equity Policy meaningful and action-oriented.
Mrs Rhianna ROGERS, RAND Corporation, United States
Science with and for society: moving forward to a better future ORAL PRESENTATION - ABSENT
Citizenship science is a branch of science that is implemented in a participatory and interactive way at the community level. In this way, science and society are influenced by new approaches and ideas. In addition, the meaning of research and its results, often known as a closed environment, involve more people. Citizenship science has the potential to bring a wide range of benefits to researchers, citizens, policymakers, society, and the research and innovation cycle. This can bring science closer and more relevant to society, accelerate and enable the production of new scientific knowledge, and help policymakers monitor the implementation of regulations and their compliance.
In addition to all these benefits, increasing public awareness of science and flexibility in policy-making and increasing evidence-based policy-making are other benefits of citizenship science. The purpose of this study is to present the objectives of the science program with and for document-based communities.
Mrs Maryam MOGHADAMI, Tehran university, Iran, Islamic Republic of, https://ut.ac.ir/en
CITIZEN PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH PROJECT FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN PLANNING IN KINSHASA IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO ORAL PRESENTATION - ABSENT
Our primary desire is to create Eco neighborhoods or sustainable neighborhoods in Kinshasa. These sustainable neighborhoods will therefore promote :
To reduce the human ecological footprint
- by maximizing efficiency in terms of energy consumption
- and maximizing efficiency in the use of natural and renewable resources.
The objectives of the project are as follows :
- Make a precise inventory of the current urban situation in the form of maps and surveys as exhaustive as possible of the population
- Raise awareness among the local population of the neighborhoods most affected by this phenomenon of the problems related to town planning, the environment and the advantages of developing more sustainable town planning
- Sizing, simulating, and finally proposing concrete and realistic urban improvements in order to make urbanism healthier and sustainable and therefore living conditions in Kinshasa.
We will develop town planning tools (development plans, town planning plans and regulations, dynamic maps) in order to :
Take stock of the urban situation in Kinshasa through field surveys, and the creation of dynamic maps over time.
Raise the awareness of the local population in terms of sustainable development and sustainable urban planning.
Contribute to the sustainable development of Kinshasa by collaborating with the competent authorities in terms of urban development in Kinshasa
The activities will be structured around 3 main axes :
- An analysis of the natural site of the city of Kinshasa : Collection of climatic, environmental and geographic data (temperature, rainfall, pedology, geology, geotechnics, site profile, vegetation, planimetry and leveling-slope and relief)
- An urban analysis and living conditions in the city of Kinshasa : Collection of data on the urban or fictional structure : Type of habitat (buildings and monuments), Social-community facilities, green space, roads and various networks or infrastructures basic techniques, level of servicing, industrial zone
- Population analysis - What is the state of affairs & what are the current needs in the urban environment ? : Collection of demographic and sociological data (workforce structure, activity, employment, density, plot occupancy rate and urbanization rate) mainly through surveys of the population.
Mr Jeancy MULE BOMA, PRIMATURE Gouvernement, République Démocratique du Congo, www.primature.cd
the preservation of medicinal plants by indigenous peoples and local communities in Africa ORAL PRESENTATION - ABSENT
Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 is a challenge that first and foremost challenges the United Nations and the countries of the Congo Basin, which abound most of the natural resources capable of playing a major role in sustainable development. .
The current observation is by no means shining, anthropogenic actions resulting in recklessness, incivism, ignorance, waste of resources, selfishness, lifestyle, industrialization, excessive deforestation, mercantilism, the loss of values are naturally at the origin of global plagues such as pollution, famine, drought, the destruction of the ozone layer, the appearance of new and rebellious pathologies, the disappearance of species. It is because of man that we have come to this and it is also through man that the solution will come. But to arrive at a world where there is more peace, justice, equity and happiness, we must remove the barriers, recognize its limits and its inadequacies and include everyone in this process of construction and research. of a better world by taking into account all the existential peculiarities of mankind.
Each people with a sociological organization qualified as primary or evolved has intrinsic values and know-how that can be used to achieve these SDGs. It is therefore necessary to avoid value judgments, stigmatization and exclusion which are non-objective factors and underperformance. We must necessarily integrate all the sociological components in the search for effective solutions and carry out resilient actions by adopting innovative strategies commensurate with the challenge.
The Baka peoples being custodians of certain originalities, authenticity, skills, know-how and specific knowledge conferred on them by their identity as indigenous peoples and therefore first inhabitants : we must recognize in them the holders of a certain science, of a technology that they possess, the mastery of the forest and of all the natural environment so they have been originating for a long time.
Cameroon, not being a wizard of this reality, must embrace this evidence and take into account the potential of its forest peoples (pygmies), and their significant and even essential contribution to the conservation of biodiversity. In Cameroon, these peoples living in the forest do not unfortunately fully enjoy all their rights because of their minority, yet they hold ancestral knowledge and know-how that are very useful in the field of nature protection, the development of ecotourism and conservation of medicinal plants.
The ’Good Samaritans’ Orphanage which supervises Baka children intends to promote their culture by :
• Organizing environmental education sessions in schools and colleges to introduce young people to traditional knowledge on nature conservation and the fight against climate change ;
• Organize awareness-raising sessions with the Baka peoples for their participation in the preservation of nature and the fight against climate change ;
• Create a shop in Djoum to promote the know-how of the Baka peoples (medicinal plants and works of the PACL) ;
• List the traditional dances, sounds and rhythms as well as the manufacture of musical instruments based on vegetable strings and other percussion instruments of these forest peoples ...)
• Create a dance and cultural group of the Baka peoples for participation in various national and international festivals.
Indigenous peoples need to enhance their local culture in terms of sustainable management of biodiversity.
Mrs Sophie Rose ROBERTSON BILOUNGA, COMIFAC, Gabon, http/www.comifac.org
RESEARCH, PUBLICATION AND INNOVATION CYCLE AMONG ACADEMICIANS POSTER PRESENTATION - ABSENT
For teachers/lecturers who say they do not have anything to research amidst busy teaching duties, I would like to share how classroom ideas can turn into the research-publication-innovation (RPI) cycle. Pedagogical teaching methods are often reported as creative teaching ideas because no one method fits all students, in all situations.
The classroom contains a wealth of information and data for authentic academic writing. When teachers/academicians say; “I don’t have anything to write!”, the answer lies in the classroom environment. Firstly, the teaching methods used by teachers can be turned into creative innovations. Did the teacher improvise existing methods to suit different groups of students? How can the behaviour of students be used as data in a study? How can the behaviour of teachers be reported in a study? How can the activities be reported as data in a study?
Next, the classroom also contains many opportunities for data collection. When teachers say, “I don’t have time to write”, the answer lies in the everyday documentation done by the teacher. Teachers usually plan before-during-after lesson activities could incorporate short episodes of a data collection plan at every stage of the lesson activity. Firstly, a teacher/lecturer can plan at the start of the semester on the step-by-step method of a creative teaching method. Next, the teacher can begin preparing a survey/interview/open-ended questions to gain feedback on students’ reactions towards the creative teaching method. Throughout the semester, the teacher might want to document the creative teaching method with photographs of students performing the activities. When the semester ends, the teacher can make time to write and publish the data collected.
Figure 1 displays how one teaching idea can bloom into a few publications.
- (1) it all begins with a unique classroom idea by the teacher.
- Next, (2) the teacher then makes plans for a research write-up.
- Then, (3) the teacher publishes the research report.
- After that, (4) the instrument used in the study or the innovative idea can be given copyright through documentation.
- Now the teacher can prepare to (5) participate in an innovative competition for the creative idea.
- Next, this creative teaching method can be turned into a “how-to” (6) book,
- Finally, the teacher can (7) participate in another innovative competition to showcase the book!
So, my advice to teachers/academician, “write away!”
Mr Benjamin Nartey ODONKOR, BMAJ GIFTED FOUNDATION, Ghana, www.bmaj gifted foundation
OSI participatory research project, driving force behind sustainable tourism in the DRC POSTER PRESENTATION - ABSENT
The DRC, although rich in biodiversity among endemic flora and fauna, its extraordinary hydrography which offers spectacular rivers and majestic lakes is no longer an issue.
renowned destination. For more than 2 decades the existing tourist infrastructure has not been maintained and the dream destinations have not been exploited.
Several factors are at the base of this disinterestedness such as :
1. inter-border, ethnic, social and cultural conflicts ;
2. growing insecurity in the east in conservation areas and parks ;
3. non-compliance with commitments and texts governing the environment sector ;
4. vandalism, poaching, the aspect of other illegal practices, in particular corruption, etc . ;
Very aware of all these factors, we found it useful to develop a project called "MOPEPE YA SIKA" which means a new wind or a new impetus or a new formula.
This is an initiative that aims to set up an awareness campaign by 2030 with the aim of bringing politicians and decision-makers, scientists, tourism professionals and lawyers in general and in particular populations bordering conservation zones and protected areas to a real awareness in favor of the preservation and protection of biodiversity and the enhancement of our natural and cultural heritage, in order to make it a lever for sustainable local development via OSI participatory research projects.
And we believe that OSI participatory research projects as a tool for local development and science will contribute both to a path towards the empowerment of all actors and at the same time to the reduction of the time required to generate related solutions. :
1. the development of scientific projects on an international scale to attract much more confidence in the minds of people than just tourism ;
2. the socio-economic development of the places visited and therefore a certain reduction in poverty ;
3. job creation for young people ;
4.stability, lasting peace and the surrender of conflicts and wars through cultural exchanges of peoples who will get to know each other and share experiences
Mr Louison KALAMBAYI KIYONGE, ONG OSI-RDC, République Démocratique du Congo, www.osi-ngo.org/groupes-locaux/article/osi-republique-democratique-du-congo/
THE POSITION OF SPACE SCIENCES IN AFRICA: OPPORTUNITIES AND POTENTIALS POSTER PRESENTATION - ABSENT
The Moon, the Stars and the Sun in some extent even the Clouds in the Sky are regarded as sacred or gods by some African traditional religions which are at present in control of approximately 25% of the entire African population of approximately 900 million as at 2009. In this respect the followers of these traditional religions are there for restricted from studying the Moon, Sun, Stars or any other object above the atmosphere or the astronomy. However the religion of Islam and Christianity which are collectively in control of 70% of the African population have not restricted their followers from studying the Moon, Sun, Stars or the Astronomy, but however due to the presence of elements of astrology in the space sciences generally, which is a branch of studies many Africans use locally through studying the movements of Stars in the prediction of future events or in fortune telling businesses made the Space Sciences generally to be less attractive to both the Muslims and the Christians in Africa, hence this situation is making many young promising potential future astronomers, aerospace engineers, climatologist, metrologies or the astrologists in their early education (primary or secondary/high schools) end up studying non Space related sciences related courses in their University levels. Hence this situation has led to the underdevelopment of the space sciences generally in Africa and which also has the potential of under developing the future of space sciences at the global level too over time.
In view of the above and in order to expand the development of space sciences as a whole the under listed suggestions/recommendations were proﬀered which if adopted and implemented it will enhance the development of the space sciences at all levels;
1. Major stake holders in the space sciences like the United Nations Organization of the Outer Space Aﬀairs (UNOOSA), National Aeronautic Space Agency (NASA), European Space Agency (ESA) and many others should be helping in sponsoring and organizing Public enlightenment conferences, workshops, seminars or capacity building programs in Africa with the aim of developing the space sciences on the continent.
2. Religious scholars specially the Muslim, Christian and the African traditional religious scholars should be included in the capacity development programs towards developing the space sciences in Africa.
3. The international Space Organizations, especially those organizations that have excel or at the peak of the modern space sciences like the NASA, ESA and others should open their oﬃces and possibly training institutes in Africa.
4. The international space organizations like the NASA, ESA and even the UNOOSA should be given scholarships to identiﬁed future space scientists in Africa that may not likely get the ﬁnancial support to study the space sciences at the University level.
5. Papers and Abstracts coming from Africa should be given priority by organizers of conferences, workshops or seminars on the ground that many papers coming from Africa are towards developing the space sciences instead of being highly technical papers in this ﬁeld of science, because the space sciences itself is not yet developed or recognized on the continent.
Africa will continue to under develop or even restrict the studies of space sciences with time, unless if the above listed suggestions/recommendations are adopted and implemented otherwise the rate at which the space sciences will continue to under develop will ever be on the increase.
Mr Babagana ABUBAKAR, Kanuri Development Association, Nigeria, https://web.facebook.com/Kanuri-Development-Association-KDA-554927154936244
THE EFFECT AND IMPACT RESEARCH FINDINGS OF CRUDE OIL EXPLORATION POLLUTION ON THE COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT & HEALTHCARE HAZARDST POSTER PRESENTATION
THE EFFECT AND IMPACT RESEARCH FINDINGS OF CRUDE OIL EXPLORATION POLLUTION ON THE COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT (BIODIVERSITY CONSEVATION & PROTECTION)
& HEALTHCARE HAZARDSTHROUGH LABORATORYANALYSIS AND DIAGNOSIS FOR A GUARANTEED CONSERVATION FOREST ENVIRONMENT , HEALTHCARE AND FOR A MORE SUSTAINABLE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
Mrs Kandi Faith Tum (Researcher-Author), Dr Tambe Romanus Kovu (Research Student-Co-Author);Dr Nnoko Danielo Ayompe (Research Student-Co-Author), Dr Apene Derek Aziwoh (Research Student-Co-Author) , Dr Betek Charles Otokini- PhD Research Student- Co-Author,Dr Mrs Lauryne Ewume Motomby: PhD Research Student-Clinical Analyst-Co-Author,Co Author) Dr. Betana Sirantis Mbiakaetapo(Research Student-Co-Author),Dr Tume Paul Njako-(Research Student-Co-Author) Dr. Mac-Queen Eseme Ebako, Dr Mrs.Jennifer Etiendem Mbekem (Researcher-Co-Author) Dr. Eugene Ulrich Ndjaka Bah (Doctorate Research Student-Co-Author) Dr.Mrs Esapa Elizabeth Yoh (Doctorate Research Student-Co-Author) Dr- Chambalain Nkengfack Njomo-PhD Research Co-Author), AREMCAM-CAMYFSDCAM, Cameroon, www.aremd.org
LE TRANSPORT ET LES OBJECTIFS DE DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE EN AFRIQUE POSTER PRESENTATION
<docNNNN|left> Le but du présent article est double. Faire la synthèse des études réalisées sur le rôle du transport dans la progression des pays d’Afrique subsaharienne en direction des Objectifs de Développement Durable(ODD) et déterminer s’il serait souhaitable de définir pour le transport des objectifs spécifiques lui permettant de contribuer à la réalisation des Objectifs du Développement Durable, ou tout au moins de faire en sorte que la contribution de ce secteur soit mieux explicitée par les pays dans leur travail de planification et de suivi en rapport avec les ODD. Le transport n’est pas expressément mentionné dans l’énoncé des ODD qui a été signé par tous les pays d’Afrique subsaharienne, ainsi que par les pays donateurs et les pays en développement d’autres régions du monde, dans les mois qui ont suivi le Sommet du Millénaire des Nations Unies de septembre 2000. Il n’en reste pas moins que l’importance des infrastructures et des services de transport a toujours été reconnu. L’ancien Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies, M. Koffi Annan, de regrettée mémoire dans son rapport à l’assemblée Générale en septembre 2004, a parlé explicitement d’« investissements ciblés dans les infrastructures économiques et sociales » dans sa liste des cinq grands domaines où il faudra « faire un bond de géant, tant sur le plan matériel que dans nos ambitions » si l’on veut que les ODD soient atteints. À quelques exceptions près, comme la mortalité routière, la ponctualité des avions et des trains, ou encore le temps de rotation des navires, on utilisait jusqu’alors assez peu d’objectifs de performance généraux pour les transports, même dans les pays de l’OCDE, en partie à cause de la grande variété et de la spécificité des services fournis. Mais les choses sont en train de changer avec l’introduction des principes de « gestion fondée sur les résultats »d’une manière générale et le développement des contrats assortis de critères de performances, qui font que l’on s’intéresse aujourd’hui davantage à ce type d’objectifs.
Mr Julien Edmond TONYE BALEBA, Almutakamela Vehicules testing, Cameroon, info almutakamela.com
Presentations done in 2020
|Citizen Science, Winning Practices (Session 1/3)|
|Wednesday dec 9, 3pm-5pm (Geneva Time)|
Cos4Cloud - Integrating Citizen Science in the European Open Science Cloud: Challenges and opportunities for developing a new generation of Citizen Science Observatories ORAL PRESENTATION
Citizen science is one of the eight priorities of the European Open Science Agenda, together with the creation of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). EOSC incorporates the European Commission’s vision of an extensive infrastructure to support and develop open science and open innovation in Europe and beyond. This new ecosystem provides a virtual environment for all researchers to store, manage, analyze, and re-use their products (software, data, among others.) for research, innovation, and educational purposes.
Within this framework, the H2020 ‘Co-designed Citizen Observatories Services for the EOS-Cloud’ project (2019-2022) aspires to integrate citizen science in the EOSC ecosystem. COS4CLOUD aims to develop essential research and technology to co-design and prototype innovative services to address critical challenges faced by citizen observatories. The final goal is to improve the implementation of existing and future citizen observatories and to contribute to ensuring their sustainability.
Based on several citizen observatories currently widely in use in Europe and some new ones such as the EU-Citizen.Science, a range of innovative services, will be co-designed, prototyped, and implemented. These innovative services range from tools for improving data and information quality using deep machine learning, automatic video recognition, advanced mobile app interfaces, and other cutting-edge technologies, as well as mechanisms to ensure the visibility and recognition of data contributors and the tools to improve networking between various stakeholders. The design of these new services is user-oriented, engaging a wide range of stakeholders in society (public sector, industry, SMEs, academia, education, and research agencies) to co-design requirements and satisfy user needs.
For co-design, developing, and testing services, COS4CLOUD will develop a diverse range of activities from datathons, hackathons, among others; as well as creating a space for knowledge exchange and sharing best practice. These activities could be a useful space for promoting the collaborative work between citizen observatories, especially in common challenges about infrastructure and technology. Likewise, enhance the networking between them and search for opportunities and solutions for their sustainability.
Apart from inviting the citizen science community to involve in COS4CLOUD, we will share the progress in some of the questions that COS4CLOUD is working on like: How these innovative services could contribute to the implementation of Open Science in Europe? Which are the potential connections with other ongoing initiatives (i.e. Eu-Citizen.Science, ...) ? What are the challenges faced by citizen observatories in terms of quality and interoperability? What are the opportunities that new technologies are bringing? How to implement FAIR data approach in citizen science and what is lacking in this approach from the perspective of citizen science?
Mrs Karen SOACHA, Mr Jaume PIERA, Mr Miquel Angel RODRIGUEZ; Institute of Marine Sciences, Spain, http://www.cos4cloud-eosc.eu/
Developing metrics and instruments to evaluate the impacts of citizen science on society, governance, the economy, the environment, and science ORAL PRESENTATION
Citizen science is emerging as an important mechanism for informing policy, contributing to scientific discoveries and benefiting society. Currently, neither policymakers nor scientists have enough empirical evidence on how citizen science informs policy, contributes to scientific discoveries or benefits society overall. Innovative approaches and a more diverse array of citizen science evaluation tools are needed to understand citizens roles in the research cycle and to plan and implement projects in ways that lead to more effective scientific and policy outcomes. The Measuring Impacts of Citizen Science (MICS) project aims to develop these tools and test them on citizen science activities in the context of nature-based solutions (NBS).
NBSs are increasingly becoming part of policy and planning strategies, but multiple knowledge gaps have hindered their implementation and acceptance. For example, natural systems behave differently depending on ecosystem type, climate, location, condition and management, and therefore generalised assumptions about the functioning and impact of NBSs can be made only with caution. This has led to variations in their success and application. The effectiveness of NBSs depends to a large degree upon the perceptions regarding nature and upon the needs of stakeholders, such as citizens/public, user groups, conservation bodies, landowners, farmers, land managers, policymakers, practitioners. The challenges and knowledge gaps present in NBSs can be overcome by engaging citizens in the co-design and collection of scientific data relating to NBSs.
The MICS project evaluates the impact of citizen science activities in the context of NBS research [https://ec.europa.eu/research/environment/index.cfm?pg=nbs]. The MICS specific objectives are:
- to provide comprehensive, participatory and inclusive metrics and instruments to evaluate citizen science impacts;
- to implement an impact-assessment knowledge-base through toolboxes for methods application, information visualisation, and delivery to decision-makers, citizens and researchers;
- to empower ordinary people, adopting and adapting the best practice generated by the Ground Truth 2.0 project [https://gt20.eu/] in the co-creation of hands-on citizen science validated in four case-study sites across Europe, resulting in a comprehensive conceptual framework and clear recommendations for those involved in citizen-science projects;
- to generate new approaches that strengthen the role of citizen science in supporting research and development;
- to foster a citizen-science approach to increase the extent to which scientific evidence is taken up by policymakers through specific recommendations.
To achieve these objectives, MICS will: (1) develop metrics and instruments to measure costs and benefits of citizen science in relation to the NBSs, with particular attention in the domains of the environment, science, society, the economy, and governance; (2) provide an integrated platform to apply these metrics and instruments; (3) validate the best practice in the co-creation of hands-on citizen science by pilot testing in four case-study sites across Europe (in the UK, Italy, Hungary and Romania); and (4) produce a comprehensive conceptual framework and clear recommendations.
The MICS project develops the approaches needed to evaluate citizen-science impact and creates an easy-to-use online tool that lets project managers and policymakers figure out how to maximise the positive impact. The four case study sites explore the applicability and usefulness of citizen science tools in regions with differing needs, contexts, conditions, constraints and approaches to NBSs, and with various levels of citizen-science application and uptake. In some of the sites selected, MICS adopts the Freshwater Watch method [https://freshwaterwatch.thewaterhub.org/] that citizens use to monitor nitrates and phosphates in freshwater ecosystems.
The platform, the data and the totality of the results of MICS will be available for use by anyone involved in a citizen-science project wanting to understand its impact, whether at the planning stage or after the project’s conclusion. The impact-assessment tool is applicable to any citizen-science project, and MICS plans to integrate it into platforms like EU-Citizen.Science and COS4CLOUD. The project will help to demonstrate that the citizen-involvement in scientific projects has serious legs: that millions of people using apps to monitor the environment can make a difference.
The new MICS metrics and instruments also help to measure the impact of citizen science with respect to the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Meeting the targets is complex and we are way behind where we should be on nearly every goal. MICS and, in general, the European Commission’s investment in citizen science offer a rare opportunity to achieve a measurable impact.
The MICS project provides the methodology and the tools which allow for the systematic evaluation of impacts of citizen-science projects across different domains (viz., society, governance, the economy, the environment, and science). Like any other intervention, the impact of citizen-science projects can be positive and negative, as well as intended and unintended. Finally, MICS provides the first in-depth analysis of how citizen science can impact research, development and societal learning, and how citizen science can be (or not) a policy pathway for decision-makers.
Mr Luigi CECCARONI, Ms Uta WEHN, Mr Steven LOISELLE, Mr Stephen PARKINSON, Ms Hannah JOYCE, Mr Marc NAURA, Mr Martin JANES, Mr Mohammad GHARESIFARD, Ms Sasha WOODS, Mr James SPRINKS ; Earthwatch, United Kingdom ; https://earthwatch.org.uk/
OSI-PANTHERA PROGRAM ORAL PRESENTATION
12 years in the service of the Snow Leopard. From scientific study, to the involvement of local populations, through environment education, OSI-PANTHERA is a human and nature adventure in perpetual motion.
Mr Bastien CHAIX, Objectif Sciences International, http://www.osi-panthera.org/
Iceland: Land of Ice and Fire ORAL PRESENTATION
Last summer, we went on a trip to Iceland. During this trip, we were able to explore a wide array of landscapes each presenting their own unique specialties. Iceland is a treasure for scientists around the world, we were able to discover numerous scientific fields such as geology, glaciology, volcanology and how these fields intertwine to create the Iceland we know today.
Mr Thomas RAVEL, Mr Alexandre RAVEL ; Objectif Sciences International, France, http://www.vacances-scientifiques.com/-EXCELLENCE-.html
3DEXPERIENCE Lab Museum of Innovation : A scalable, deployable & infinite virtual experience showcasing innovations contributing strongly to UN SDGs ORAL PRESENTATION
This is a video presentation by Frederic Vacher, Global Director and Head of Innovation - Dassault Systèmes 3DEXPERIENCE Lab, where he will take you through a journey as he navigates the different projects in the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab in an immersive virtual environment, powered by the 3DEXPERIENCE Platform.
In late 2019, the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab unveiled a Virtual Lab, in the form of a “Museum of Innovation,” a scientific and technological virtual reality experience to show-case innovations from around the world. While 3DEXPERIENCE Lab has a physical presence in 3 locations, this Virtual Lab is available on the cloud – a format that renders the spirit of the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab more accessible from anywhere in the world.
We map projects of candidate startups with UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to understand their alignment and potential to make impact. Currently, we are accelerating:
- 11 startup projects focused on SDG 3 (Good Health & Well-being),
- 3 projects on SDG 7 (Affordable & Clean Energy),
- 3 projects on SDG 4 (Quality Education),
- 3 projects on SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities),
- 2 projects on SDG 9 (Industry Innovation & Infrastructure),
- 2 projects on SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities & Communities),
- 2 projects on SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), and more.
From solar autonomous drones and sustainable energy production to 3D-printed organs and virtual surgery, this new 3D immersive experience offers a unique way for anyone to discover Lab’s disruptive projects addressing some of the world’s major challenges in health, well-being, energy, farming, mobility and other areas. As visitors virtually navigate through the “Museum of Innovation” using Augmented Reality devices, they experience each innovative project as an interactive, real-time multi-sensorial experience in 3D. Throughout this learning expedition, visitors can gain insight into a project’s background, understand how it contributes toward advancing the UN SDGs, and listen to the startup’s CEO, then delve further into the story by virtually experiencing scientific simulations and interacting with a digital twin of the project alongside its physical prototype.
As this VR experience is available in a digital environment on the cloud, it is scalable and quickly deployable. Following this preview, Dassault Systèmes expects to extend access to the virtual museum to other countries where it is located, and partner with science museums to share the experience with the public.
Mr Frederic VACHER, Dassault Systèmes 3DEXPERIENCE Lab, France, https://3dexperiencelab.3ds.com/en/projects/
On the lookout for biodiversity (roaming) ORAL PRESENTATION
In July 2020 I took part in the Itinérance project by leaving Chandolin for a 40km walk with 3 other people. We went to places never before visited by OSI to discover new areas and new species of plants and animals. It is a participatory research project with young people of an average age of 14 to 15 years old.
Mr Erdemdalai DAMAY ; Objectif Sciences International, France, http://www.vacances-scientifiques.com/-EXCELLENCE-.html
On Nature Peaks ORAL PRESENTATION
In July, I went to Chandolin, one of the highest villages of Europe to participate, with other uninitiated, to the program of On Nature Peaks.
This program is a mix of botanic and alpinism, where participants, from 13 to 45 years old, collect botanic data, supervised by a professional botanist. It is included in the BIODIVERSITA project, which is composed of a lot of other programs, and which objective is the etude and conservation of the biodiversity, via citizen research.
Mr Luc IMBERT ; Objectif Sciences International, France, http://www.vacances-scientifiques.com/-EXCELLENCE-.html
Reliability of data collected by volunteers, a nine-year citizen science study in three Red Sea touristic facilities ORAL PRESENTATION
Citizen‐science projects vary extensively in subject matter, objectives, activities, and scale, but there is always one common goal: to collect reliable data that can be used for scientific and policy purposes. The quality of data collected by non-professional volunteers in citizen science programs is crucial to produce data that are usable by stakeholders to implement environmental management and protection plans. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of data collected by non-specialist volunteers during the citizen science project SCUBA Tourism for the Environment (STE), carried out in three touristic resorts of the Red Sea between 2007 and 2015. The project was based on the Recreational citizen science protocol that differs from the Traditional one because it does not change dives features (i.e. dive place, depth, etc.), do not require to follow a training course and to pass a final exam before participating in the project. For the recreational protocol, scuba instructors and divemasters were briefly trained during public events about project aims, methods and expected results and then they had directly involved volunteers in the project. STE project involved more than 14,000 volunteer recreational divers in data collection on biodiversity. Through a specifically designed questionnaire, volunteers indicated which of the seventy-two target marine taxa were sighted during their recreational dive, giving an estimate of their abundance. To assess the validity of collected data, a reference researcher randomly dove with the volunteers and independently filled in the project questionnaire. Correlation analyses between the records of the reference researcher and those of the volunteers were performed to assess their quality. The study was performed based on 513 sample dives (dives in which was present our reference researcher with at least three volunteers) with a total number of 3138 volunteers tested. Different parameters were used to analyze data reliability 1) Accuracy, the similarity between data collected by volunteers and those collected by the reference researcher, obtained with Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient; 2) Consistency, obtained correlating data collected only by volunteers during the same dive, without the reference researcher, using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient; 3) Percentage of identified that is the percentage of taxa registered by volunteers compared to the taxa observed by the reference researcher; 4) Correct identification that is the percentage of volunteers that correctly identified individual taxa when the taxon was present; 5) Correctness of abundance ratings (CAR) that is the correctness in abundance ratings made by volunteers compared to those collected by the reference researcher; 6) Reliability obtained with correlation between data collected by volunteers and those collected by the reference researcher, using Cronbach’s alpha correlation; 7) measure of similarity between each volunteer and the reference researcher, using Czekanowski’s proportional similarity index). The influence of independent variables date, depth, dive time, diving certification level and group size of participants on volunteers’ accuracy was also analyzed. The lowest mean score (mean score 51.6%, 95% Confidence Interval CI 44.1-59.2%) was obtained for Consistency, indicating that, depending on personal interests, volunteers could give attention to different taxa and the highest one for the Reliability parameter (mean score 69.8%, 95% CI 62.8 – 76.9) indicating that volunteers are able to collect good quality data. A positive correlation was found between Accuracy and Correctness of Abundance Ratings (CAR) score and date indicating that long-term projects could achieve a higher quality of data collected by volunteers. Diving certification level and dive time resulted positively correlated with all parameters except for CAR indicating that more expert divers could collect better quality data than less expert ones and that spending more time underwater could have benefits on data quality. Overall, data quality in this study was comparable to that obtained in Traditional citizen science projects where strict training activities and protocols were followed. Independent variables revealed that long-term projects could achieve a higher Accuracy and CAR, this could be due to an improvement of the project with time, in terms of public training events, more clear description of tasks requested to instructors and divemasters and their consequent improvement in volunteers involvement. We also found that expert scuba divers (volunteers with higher diving certification level) were more reliable than the less expert, this could be due to their familiarity, not only with the marine environment, but also with the diving equipment, which allows them focus on the surrounding environment rather than on their balance or equipment. Finally, more time volunteers spent underwater the more reliable their data became. This study showed that Recreational citizen science could significantly support conventional research methods in monitoring biodiversity, notwithstanding careful planning for volunteer skills according to each specific project. The use of the Recreational citizen science protocol could enhance massive volunteers participation in citizen science projects because it do not require changes to the recreational activity in order to participate; this could also allow the collection of huge amount of data in a short period of time.
Ms Marta MESCHINI, Ms Mariana MACHADO, Ms Chiara MARCHINI, Mr Erik CAROSELLI, Ms Firella PRADA, Ms Silvia FRANZELLITTI, Ms Laura LOCCI, Mr Marco DAVOLI, Ms Michele TRITTONI, Mr Enrico NANETTI, Ms Mara TITTARELLI, Mr Riccardo BENTIVOGLI, Ms Simone BRANCHINI, Ms Patrizia NERI, Mr Stefano GOFFREDO ; University of Bologna and Fano Marine Center, Italy ; http://www.marinesciencegroup.org/
BREAK FOR DISCUSSIONS
OpenLitterMap - An Important Catalyst for the Development of Citizen Science ORAL PRESENTATION
OpenLitterMap is an open, interactive and accessible database of the world’s litter and plastic pollution. Beginning in 2008 and created almost entirely by 1 person, OpenLitterMap is developing a superior data collection experience to make citizen science fun. Plastic pollution is not only a topical and serious environmental problem, but litter is globally ubiquitous and easily identifiable. This combination gives litter mapping an extremely low barrier to entry allowing potentially very large numbers of people to participate in data collection for the first time. To incentivise data collection, OpenLitterMap is the first project that applies blockchain "proof of work" principles to the production of geographic information and rewards users with Littercoin for their participation in the network. Although significantly underdeveloped due to a lack of funding, OpenLitterMap is available on web, iOS and Android and we have big plans for the future. You should listen this talk if you want to learn more about how our knowledge of how badly polluted the world is is ripe for disruption.
Mr Seán LYNCH, OpenLitterMap, Ireland
Safe Drinking Water & Clean Cookstoves: For the Poor, By the Poor ORAL PRESENTATION
With the dire problems posed by Covid-19 and an increased focus on the poor, there is a need for a forming process of ceramics that is accessible to potters, whose traditions of production are widespread. These potters produce by hand, such products as water containers and cook pots, and need training in quick production of exact duplicates, through techniques of model and mold making. For production of ceramic ‘candle’ water filters, in both Nepal and Kenya the forming of these filters was done with a sizable, iron press, a forming process not so accessible to low-income potters.
These potters tend to be highly skilled and should be an invaluable resource. They are already familiar with different clays and their processing and the demanding needs of drying and firing. They tend to be eager to learn about new products and processes and their capacity building could make all the difference in work along with their neighbors, getting safe drinking water and clean indoor air to their communities.
Mr Anthony Reid HARVEY, TAM Ceramics Group of NY, LLC, United States, tamceramics.com
Establishing the effects of the use of bedtime technology on the body’s circadian rhythm in adolescents ORAL PRESENTATION
Children are one of the largest consumers of technology.
Children, adolescents, kids, youths, young people, call them what you like, they have all grown up using technology so readily, it’s almost an extension of the body. Children can be classed as ‘digital natives’. We live in an attention economy with so much information being processed and ignored on a daily basis that the quickest way to absorb this is digitally.
This digital environment has led to an increase in the amount of time that children spend using digital screens and other forms of technology. Some schools even require their students to submit homework via digital devices, some issuing iPads and tablets for that very purpose. This increase in screen time is all part of modern education.
The portability of technology coupled with the drive for more compact devices that have multi-functions, has led to a dramatic rise in the use of mobile phone technology amongst adolescents.
The technology that we have today, being of a 24-hour nature, has brought the entire world closer together, enabled communication and provides information on-tap at a moment’s notice. This has created a societal addiction to information and the need to remain constantly connected to one another.
Alongside this rise in the use of technology during bedtimes, is the problem that adolescents get fewer hours of sleep during weekdays and this affects their abilities during the daytimes both inside and outside the school setting.
Some studies have shown that a reduction in sleep or sleep disturbance has other consequences including long-term health affects to motor development, weight gain, cognitive functioning, increased addictions to caffeine and nicotine and even suggestions of cancer growth.
Our research shows that adolescents who use bedtime technology, especially mobile phones, late into the night, has consequences on overall sleep quality.
We’ve been able to demonstrate that the use of bedtime technology results in a reduction in sleep duration, altered sleep patterns, increased frequency of sleep disturbances and delayed sleep onset.
This research study has also shown that there is a strong relationship between the use of bedtime technology, daytime inattention and somnolence. Along with this, the results show a causal link between the use of bedtime technology and an increase in daytime drowsiness, irritability, anxiety and lethargy.
The aim of this citizen science project is to see whether it can be established through empirical study of a statistically significant-sized data sample, that bedtime technology has an effect on circadian rhythms in adolescents all around the world and not just in the UK. This project focuses on 3 core areas: i) Sleep; ii) Bedtime technology and iii) Circadian rhythms.
It can be conducted through: Online survey; Street surveys; Digital surveys; & Local community engagement projects.
Our mission is to empower children & young people to better understand & engage with science & STEM research, through this citizen science project. To make a positive impact on society and influence policy and key decision-makers at both a national & international level.
This citizen science research also supports the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals, specifically SDG3: to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
Mr Montgomery LORD, Young Active Minds, United Kingdom, https://itechexplorers.com/
Mapping to help end Female Genital Mutilation ABSENT
I am the founder of Crowd2Map which since 2015 has added schools, hospitals, roads, buildings and villages to OpenStreetMap, with the help of over 12,500 volunteers worldwide and 1600 on the ground in Tanzania. With minimal budget and no staff we have so far added over 4.1 million buildings and trained community mappers in 26 areas of Tanzania
We were invited by UNFPA to organise an FGM mapathon as a UN General Assembly side event in September 2018, and a concurrent global mapathon in 60 countries, and a mapathon at the Nairobi Summit in Nov 2019.
Crowd2Map is a community run volunteer project that has impacted UN policy, and this approach offers a very cost effective way of engaging extremely disadvantaged rural communities and giving them the tools and measure and effect change in their communities. This model could easily be replicated in many other contexts.
The aim is to share learnings on this project where global volunteers work together with those on the ground in rural Africa to develop tools and data to allow communities to measure and promote their progress towards the SDGs. We seek to convince people of the benefits of such an approach and of the value of this citizen generated data.
We will give an overview of how Crowd2Map operates and its impact, followed by a practical workshop on best practice on mapping into OSM, including using Machine Learning generated satellite data and interrogating open data. This will involve participants mapping their own area of interest on laptop or phone. We will end with questions and next steps and set up a slack group for those who wish to continue to work together and share progress and questions.
We will demonstrate the value of crowdsourced data such as OpenStreetMap and how communities can be mobilised to contribute and use it. We will show how OSM can help protect girls from FGM and GBV and monitor progress towards their eradication at a village level. We will share lessons learnt in training first time smartphone users to collect this and other data about their community progress towards the SDGs, and how we recruited trained and manage 4000+ active volunteers remotely on no budget. We will also discuss our use of other data collection tools such as ODK.
This will be useful to anyone who is working with disadvantaged and poorly mapped rural communities (most low income countries), particularly on FGM, GBV, access to water, distance to school, land rights, climate change, deforestation, poverty, and anyone who is interested in better engaging such communities and empowering them to monitor and map themselves, as well as those interested in combatting the digital divide.
We will explore the power of citizen generated open data, the value of volunteers and the potential impact of investing in training disadvantaged rural communities who have never previously been online or used technology.
Mrs Janet CHAPMAN, Crowd2Map, United Kingdom, https://crowd2map.org
Shifting perspective. Atlantic Wonder platform to foster inclusive dialogue for regenerative development in Madeira island ORAL PRESENTATION
The Portuguese island of Madeira is known internationally for the diversity and richness of its subtropical landscapes and ecosystems. Designated the title of “World’s Leading Island Destination” by the World Travel Awards each year since 2015, Madeira now attracts thousands of visitors annually. Amongst the island’s greatest draws are its natural wonders. Features such as the UNESCO protected Laurissilva Forest, the expansive levada canal system and the rich biodiversity both on land and in the ocean, are key drivers of an economy mainly based on mass tourism.
Today, more than ever, vulnerable island territories such as Madeira must identify methods and tools to transition toward regenerative and distributive systems. Such strategies could make local economic growth more sustainable and ethically just towards nature, its communities and ecosystems. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, international flights were forbidden to land on the island for nearly three months. For an economy almost exclusively based on tourism, many in Madeira are now very concerned about job security and socio-economic stability. As such, the lockdown has raised numerous critical questions about the island’s local economy and its relationship with tourism, including: How can the island begin to rely on a regenerative and non-destructive form of tourism? And how can the local economy rebuild through the implementation of sustainable practices, local resources, skills and know-hows?
Led by a team of researchers and educators from the Design Department of the University of Madeira, Atlantic Wonder is a platform of multidisciplinary conversations and creative activities that reflect upon the relationship between design and nature. The project started with the international Atlantic Wonder Summer School in Madeira’s capital, Funchal, in July 2018. Since its inception, Atlantic Wonder has attracted a diverse range of design practitioners, researchers, philosophers and artists to the island to partake in dialogues with local natural scientists and designers. The intention has been to start building a common vocabulary and a set of tools for understanding nature and provoke productive discussions with non-experts and policy-makers.
Atlantic Wonder also explores the role of design as mediator between disciplines, areas of study and practices that concern nature, while the island of Madeira itself represents a potential testbed for regenerative innovations toward sustainable transformations. Through annual summer schools, educational activities, public talks and its remit to enhance communication with the natural sciences, Atlantic Wonder has instigated an important public exchange about nature and design. Whether we refer to this as a terrestrial, multi-species, nature-centred or planet-centred approach, Atlantic Wonder has highlighted questions about our need to shift toward a post-anthropocentric perspective. Such questions as:
How do we make such a shift? How can we expand the concept of human-centred design to taking-care-by-design? How can we solve problems holistically, in ways that are positive for all living beings that contribute to life on Earth? And finally, what are the consequences of this on an island territory like Madeira?
Lidar in everyday life ORAL PRESENTATION
During these summer holidays in Crupies, a small town next to Valence in the mountains, I and young people interested in computer science worked on sensors, more precisely on the lidar which makes it possible to scan a space in 3D to be able to scan a caves in Mexico difficult to access by humans with other common stays.
Mr Gabriel CHAUVELIER ; Objectif Sciences International, France, http://www.vacances-scientifiques.com/-EXCELLENCE-.html
The SpaceGarden, a tool to develop local solutions for SDG based on space use. ORAL PRESENTATION
In recent years, we have witnessed a real revolution in the capacity to use space for monitoring the earth. Indeed, under the influence of audacious public policies such as Copernicus in Europe or private, the number of satellites observing the earth has increased very rapidly leading to an explosion of available data, increasingly precise and a drastic reduction in their costs or even a free in certain cases (Copernicus). At the same time, digital processing capacities, in particular big data and AI, greatly facilitate the access and processing of this data.
Everything is therefore available for the development of many solutions to control or facilitate access to SDGs, particularly in under-developing countries, with little ground infrastructure and for which the use of space allows access to data from the territory. However, we note that few services are developed locally, for lack of infrastructure but above all, for the lack of knowledge of the use of data. The SpaceGarden project developed by SpaceSeed aims to provide interested entities (incubators, fablab, governments, etc.) with a complete environment aimed at facilitating the development of space-based applications. This environment includes training and technical support and possibly support for business creation.
Mr Philippe LATTES, SpaceSeed, France, www.spaceseed.eu
E-WASTE: Challenges and motivations for socio-environmental evolution ORAL PRESENTATION |
The continuous growth in the production of solid waste in urban areas represents a serious socio-environmental problem, due to the current patterns of production and consumption, causing environmental and health impacts that must be fought. Among these agents, Electro-Electronic Waste (e-waste), since they are highly aggressive to the environment and to those around them, simultaneously polluting the soil, water and air. An aggravating factor is the low recycling rate: according to the International Labour Organization (ILO), 80% of produced e-waste are not recycled.
The “E-Waste Treatment” project (TREE – in Portuguese “Tratamento de Resíduos EletroEletrônicos) organized by the electrical engineering course at the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), in the city of João Pessoa, Brazil, with shared responsibility with the society, aims to raise awareness and to reduce the impacts caused by the incorrect disposal of these residues. Students that participate in the project must give lectures at public schools (which have insufficient funds for extracurricular activities), justifying and encouraging good actions. In addition, participants must organize and manage mini courses and workshops, aiming the reuse of e-waste for the construction of electronic projects (for example, a wind generator) and didactic materials. The project also act as an intermediary between the society and the disposal company, valuing the ideal disposal of the residue mentioned above. The visits to public schools are extremely important as they encourage their autonomy in the correct disposal of waste.
Among the main activities, we have: Data survey of waste produced by students and volume of residue collected by companies; Search for national and international organization and industries responsible for waste treatment, for better understanding of the recycle process and the dangers hidden therein; Development of interdisciplinary prototypes based on waste reuse.
The project is assisted by 5 professors in the field of electrical engineering, a professor of environmental engineering, technicians in electronics, numerous students as volunteers and a company responsible for the e-waste collection and disposal. The project is currently at its fourth consecutive year, getting more and more positive feedbacks and support from the partner schools. At the end of the lectures, approximately 70% of the listeners claim to have understood the subject, showing the efficiency of the methodology chosen for the project.
Mr Daniel RIBEIRO DOS SANTOS, UFPB, Brazil, https://www.facebook.com/TREEUFPB
Decreasing the environmental footprint of cement and concrete: An open dialogue between academia, industry, and the local community ORAL PRESENTATION
Cement accounts for 5-10% of CO2 emissions; and as concrete-based infrastructure becomes more commonplace in the world, the impact of cement on the environment is expected to increase. As a result, it is imperative that more sustainable cementitious materials with the same costs, same strengths, and lower emissions are taken from research and brought into application.
The Laboratory of Construction Materials (LMC) at EPFL is dedicated to understanding the mechanisms of cement and finding supplemental materials with fewer emissions. However, to effectively make an impact, we focus on three points of action:
1) Characterization of building materials as we use them today
2) Development of supplemental materials and novel cement
3) Application of sustainable and better alternatives in industry
We will give an overview of how we approach these three points of action. LMC has many ongoing projects to characterize, control, and further develop the materials on the market today. The ERICA project, funded by the EU, is a five-nation H2020 MSC- Innovative Training Network program, geared towards understanding the main source of early-age strength in cement. Additionally, we work with Nanocem, a consortium of academic and industrial partners, to disseminate research and further discuss how we can reduce the environmental footprint of cement and concrete.
Finally, we will discuss the possibilities of LC3, or Limestone Calcined Clay Cement. Our lab, in collaboration with Universidad Central Marta Abreu de Las Villas in Cuba (UCLV), developed LC3, a cement that can reduce CO2 emissions by up to 40%. With partners in Cuba and India and funding from the Swiss Agency of Development and Cooperation (SDC), we are working to find ways to increase awareness and bring LC3 technology from the lab into practice all around the world.
Ms Maya HARRIS, Ms Karen SCRIVENER, Mr Paul BOWEN ; Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland ; https://www.epfl.ch/labs/lmc/
Energy Challenges ORAL PRESENTATION
Mr Cédric CARLES, Regenbox/Atelier 21, France
A sustainable urban planning project and integration of mobility in the development of the hyper center of Kinshasa in the DRCongo ORAL PRESENTATION
In the twenty-first century, several African cities are confronted with the problems of urban growth and by extension the consequences of the urban explosion.
With its ten million inhabitants today, Kinshasa is simultaneously subject to demographic pressure and rural exodus accelerated by economic and social changes. According to a study conducted by the UNDP in 2010, the city of Kinshasa knows about 450,000 more people each year.
At the forefront of the problems generated by this urban explosion is the question of urban planning, particularly in terms of transport and development. Its demographic and spatial growth is characterized mainly by informal urbanization. The lack of planning for new urban areas and the renovation of existing ones has failed to stem sprawl trends and their consequences.
Three phenomena therefore characterize this urban growth. On the one hand, there is an over-densification of old and new cities. On the other hand, the significant demographic growth of the population in the east of the city, on the other side of the Ndjili river (Masina, Ndjili, Kimbanseke, Nsele) and at the same time the urban sprawl which moves further away the city center. This situation causes a spatial and economic imbalance between the mono-centered structure of the capital focused on the Gombe and the increasingly strong demographic density of the eastern agglomeration which is on the way to overtaking that of the central city without benefiting. sufficient employment centers. Furthermore, a third trend can be observed in the south of the city, on the hills of Mont-Ngafula, in the form of diffuse and informal peri-urbanization on land unsuitable for urbanization since their slope regularly causes flooding and extensive damage.
Admittedly, the city has spread, but while keeping a single center in which more than 70% of socio-economic activities are concentrated. Kinshasa therefore presents itself as a mono-polar city whose only pole is Gombe. This pole where political and economic activities are concentrated. In fact, in common parlance, we say "Na kei ville" to designate this prolific hub where most of the population goes in the morning to leave it in the evening.
And this occupation of the city has an impact on the performance of the transport network. We are witnessing a polarization of transport through the hyper center of Gombe creating traffic jams in all directions, insufficient parking areas, confusion between pedestrian space and that of cars in some places resulting in loss of time, accidents, thefts,… in a word, the congestion of the commune of Gombe.
Faced with this, the administration is weak and fails to meet the needs and aspirations of the urban population with regard to transport, urban security, organization and spatial management. It does not seem to take into account the dependence of the quality of life on the organization or even the planning of the city.
It is from this angle that our study will focus on the integration of mobility in the development of the hyper-center of Kinshasa and the strategies for reducing strong centrality.
Mr Jeancy MULE BOMA, Primature, Democratic Republic of the Congo, www.primature.cd
|Citizen Science, Hackers for Peace and Development (Session 2/3)|
|Monday dec 14, 3pm-5pm (Geneva Time)|
Collaborative working group to create artificial lung ventilators open hardware, easy to produce, and low cost to combat COVID-19 ORAL PRESENTATION
The Respirador Hacker open platform brings together volunteers for the development of artificial respirators and other prototypes that can collaborate in serving people with Covid-19. Respirador Hacker focuses on the collaborative work of researchers inside and outside Brazil, from different areas of knowledge, committed to presenting prototypes that are easy to produce, low cost, and accessible.
Since the beginning of the project, we have counted on the collaboration of almost a thousand professionals, who collaborated on more than 20 different projects, from respirators to masks and decontamination chambers.
Mr Rodrigo FERRAZ AZEVEDO and Ilo RIVERO, RESPIRADOR HACKER, Brazil, http://respiradorhacker.github.io
M.U.R Minimal Universal Respirator ORAL PRESENTATION
The COVID-19 health crisis that France and the world are going through has become a serious humanitarian crisis. Today, the medical world lacks ventilators to be able to work properly and save as many lives as possible.
Since Monday 16 March, a citizen group composed by doctors, association leaders, humanitarian personnel and scientists has been working on the creation of an emergency artificial respiration device that is cheap and easily reproducible. The manufacturing laboratory « Club Sandwich Studio », at the origin of the collective, has designed a low-cost – lowtech ventilator by promoting the use of components accessible to the greatest number.
Mr Paul COUDERC, Le Club Sandwich Studio, France, https://mur-project.org
The global effort to create a ventilator ORAL PRESENTATION
During the height of the pandemic thousands of groups worldwide set out to create ventilators. They included fortune 500 companies, large Universities, and private individuals. It was the greatest effort of medical innovation in history but so many of these groups were ultimately unsuccessful. Here we explore lessons learned from this movement.
Mr Jeffrey EBIN, Ebcore, United States, www.ebcore.io
Critical Making: Studying RRI principles in the maker community ORAL PRESENTATION
This EU-funded consortium, starting in January 2020 will critically study the innovation processes in the maker movement with regards to Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) aspects, especially in relation to gender, openness, recruitment of young people and more generally, their social responsibility. It will elaborate an analytical framework by extending the framework of grassroots innovation movement (GIM) with RRI aspects and responsible making principles to critically assess the maker movement’s innovation processes in terms of their compliance with RRI and their commitment to social responsibility. The test the framework will be empirically tested and iterated in three different cases:
1. A case will increase the gender awareness practices in the maker community. This is achieved through piloting 3-4 co-created measures to counteract the existing gender imbalance in maker spaces and in online spaces and create guidelines on gender awareness
2. A case will support the engagement of young people in maker spaces and further R&I activities via maker space actions and educational programmes that expand the formal curriculum with skills for responsible research and innovation
3. A case will provide methods to strengthen the social responsibility of the open hardware movement. This is achieved by piloting a mentoring programme for RRI aware, open hardware business innovations with a special emphasis on projects that advance the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through open science, social innovations or environmental sustainability.
The project will create awareness within the RRI community for the importance of grassroots innovation for socially responsible research and innovation and its bridging function between science and society via targeted dissemination in scientific journals, conferences and online media. It will also strengthen the opportunities stemming from the maker movement for the cooperation between science - society - industry. This is achieved by producing research based and co-created practical guidelines and recommendations for RRI aware and participatory maker space activities and disseminating them efficiently in collaboration with a broad stakeholder network.
Mrs Regina SIPOS, Technical University of Berlin, Germany, http://www.lien-organisme.com
The making of SDG activities ORAL PRESENTATION
During the last year SYN Fab Lab was involved in two projects:
- SDG related activities for Fab Labs in schools that make pupils aware of the SDGs in a creative way, while having enough material to discuss where and how this affects them in a personal to a global scale. Project partially n collaboration with Fab Lab Factory, Belgium.
- co-creating and running a maker network for covid with open source tested projects which were distributed with step by step instructions, while offering technical support to the makers. A platform for match making with clinics and places in need of resources, that were close enough to avoid overtime wait and energy loss. Transparent to all, open for all to contribute, global and local open projects customised in some cases and aimed to help locally.
The project to discuss in the conference is the SDG related activities for Fab Labs, and more specifically the way the SDG activities are made and the criteria. Results will be discussed as well as COVID restrictions, feedback and future work.
The SDG activities do not just address Fab Labs or schools but all organisations that are SDG related.
Collaboration between industry and Fab Labs in Spain ORAL PRESENTATION
In recent years, the Spanish industry has learned to work with the actors of distributed creation. This has allowed, during the Covid-19 crisis, to be immediately able to benefit from the contributions of Hackers and Makers.
Mr Cesar GARCIA SAEZ, La Hora Maker, Spain
3DEXPERIENCE Lab OPEN COVID-19 Community – Leveraging the Collective Intelligence of ‘Makers’ to find optimized solutions for the pandemic ORAL PRESENTATION
In the wake of COVID-19 pandemic, 3DEXPERIENCE Lab launched several global initiatives that leveraged collaborative, collective intelligence from designers, engineers, scientists, makers and others – including simulation specialists – on the 3DEXPERIENCE platform, to rapidly source, qualify, design, engineer and manufacture solutions that could solve issues and benefit local hospitals during the pandemic. One of these was the setting up of Open COVID-19 Community to bring the collaborative powers of the global network of engineers, fab labs, makers, hospitals and medical professionals together to address the medical supply gap in new and creative ways via a cloud-based platform – and with remarkable effect.
Thousands of makers, designers and engineers within the Fab Lab network were potentially connected to domain experts and professionals who could provide these teams with advice and guidance, and medical professionals who could share specific needs of the frontline health workers. This collaboration among dedicated professionals across different industries to solve a shared challenge was truly unique. For doctors to be able to voice their requirements in seconds to makers and innovators located half a world away was exciting and inspirational. Usually, the paths of these people do not cross. Bringing them together through open innovation unleashed a collective intelligence that was quite extraordinary.
As well as facilitating collaboration, the Open COVID-19 Community made cloud-based design, 3D modeling and simulation software available to its participating makers and startups, enabling them to verify accurate representations of their designs in simulated real-world environments to ensure optimal performance – before putting them into production. This resulted in an agility that bridged a gap and delivered life-saving equipment to those who needed it most.
Mr Abhishek BALI, Dassault Systèmes 3DEXPERIENCE Lab, United States, https://3dexperiencelab.3ds.com/en/projects/
The state of impact innovation in hardware ORAL PRESENTATION
Key enabling trends have been spearheading a transformative evolution in hardware innovation. From 3D designs now being shared online to be made anywhere, to the emerging network of digital manufacturing technologies at scale, and how an explosion of IoT data can enable into increasingly flexible supply chains.
These trends affecting hardware innovation are also having a social and environmental impact. It is opening up collaboration and rapid iteration at scale, with best practices inspired by open source software. It is ushering circular models of production and consumption, where local empowerment is proving key for long term viability of solutions.
Drawing from case studies from around the world, this presentation will explore these key trends and implications in the context of the different initiatives that are paving the way in terms of developing hardware products across disruptive innovation areas.
Ms Christina Rebel Rebel, Wikifactory, Spain, https://wikifactory.com
|Citizen Science, FabLabs for Change, Tool of assessment and monitoring (Session 3/3)|
|Thursday dec 17, 3pm-5pm (Geneva Time)|
Promouvoir le développement durable dans le commerce mondial et les négociations multilatérales ORAL PRESENTATION
Les exportations et les importations mondiales reprennent rapidement du volume après le fort déclin accusé par le commerce de marchandises en 2008 et 2009. En dépit de cette reprise impressionnante, les préoccupations des pays de l’OCDE relatives à l’emploi, à la compétitivité et à la politique chinoise des taux de change ont engendré un climat politique défavorable à la poursuite de la libéralisation dans le cadre du Cycle de Doha. Il est intéressant de noter que les pays en développement qui hésitaient à s’engager dans un nouveau cycle de négociations en 2001 se situent maintenant à l’avant-garde de ceux qui souhaitent parvenir rapidement à une conclusion des pourparlers, bien que le consensus sur l’ambitieux « paquet du développement » envisagé initialement à Doha reste hors d’atteinte. Par ailleurs, le commerce a fait l’objet d’une attention et d’un examen sans précédents dans le cadre des débats sur les changements climatiques. Dans le contexte créé par la crise de la coopération multilatérale, la communauté internationale a un urgent besoin de générer de nouveaux types d’arrangements et de trouver des réponses innovantes aux impératifs du développement et de la transition mondiale vers une économie à faible intensité de carbone.
Mr Moise Aime KAMMEGNE, Etablissement mose’s-commerce general import-export, Cameroon
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