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Sustainable Travel and Tourism for Peace and Development - Annual International Conference 7th December, 2020, United Nations

7th International Annual Conference at the United Nations See detailled presentation

Sustainable Travel and Tourism for Peace and Development - Annual International Conference 7th December, 2020, United Nations

7th International Annual Conference at the United Nations See detailled presentation

7th Annual International Conference on Travel and Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development - 7 December, 2020, United Nations
One week of High Level Meetings, Crossing the Spheres of the Stakeholders
The halfway point between the PORTO-ALLEGRE FORUM and the DAVOS FORUM ; the platform for the creation and development of projects for peace and SDGs.

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7th Annual International Conference on Travel and Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development - 7 December, 2020, United Nations

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Call for Contribution 2020 :

International Annual Conference on the Travel and Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development
in the frame of the 12th GENEVA FORUM, December 7-11, 2020
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

The program

Monday December 7th, 2020

from 09:00 to 18:00

Monday evening, de 19:00 à 23:00 : Networking Dinner of Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development Networks

Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french.
Leading Projects of Education to Science and Citizen Sciences since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objective Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. From 2016, and every year, OSI organize into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle the International Annual Conference on Tourism and Travel for Sustainable Development, in order to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.
Fair Tourism

Operators of Tourism, Smart Traveling and Alternative Pedagogy who exchange already at national and continental levels (Europe, America, Asia, Africa, Middle-East...) and who desire to exchange together, and share practices and solutions, at the world level, meet together at the Annual International Conference organized in the United Nations.

EcoTourism/Travel/Tourism Future/Sustainable Development

Several public or associative organizations that are active in the domain of Tourism, federated or organized, at the international level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on Sustainable Development of Tourism, at United Nations, in Geneva.

This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.

Your Annual Exchanges Resource

In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.

The participants at this Conference are:

  • Local and regional actors of different countries
  • Thematic Actors by disciplines
  • Regional or national federations
  • Thematic Federations, by disciplines
  • Large Institutions of Tourism
  • Travel agencies
  • Government departments (Tourism, Education, Research, Environment, Industry ...) and international associations of Ministries
  • Specialized Journalists (tourism, science, environment, education, sustainable development ...)
  • UN agencies (UNDP, UNEP ...)

Subjects that are in the agenda of this year are:

  • Sustainable Tourism Development
  • Tourism as a social agent (poverty reduction, peace maker)
  • Travel 3.0
  • Tourism: a tool for Science Development (promote scientific and educational activities towards the advancement of common man’s life by improving the theory and practice of various disciplines and sectors of Tourism and Transport and many more)
  • Hospitality and Tourism
  • Sustainable development policies and Tourism
  • The Sharing Economy and Tourism
  • New types of Sustainable Tourism
  • Sustainable Tourism management and marketing
  • Sustainability Trends in the Industry

Detailed Program

Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in a round table between speakers and debates with the audience of the Assembly.

Organiser : NGO Objectif Sciences International, Geneva
Chairman : Thomas EGLI, Founder of Objectif Sciences International, Head of the GENEVA FORUM
Moderators : Christa MUTH, Professor at the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland

Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2020, where are described the days dedicated to the Conference on Tourism and Science for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.

Programme of GENEVA FORUM 2021 (Public side)

Official Opening Session - Monday December 7th 13:30

Session organised by Objectif Sciences International in the frame of the International YEar of Sustainable Tourisme for Development.

  • Keynotes
  • Remarks on current situation
  • Remarks about concepts of the International Annual Conference

Presentations currently proposed for 2020

The Geneva FORUM 2020 will be provided online. The whole content will be provided, included a Business Connection Engine. The detailed schedule of each session is sent to all people filled in this registration form.

Validated Presentations

Sustainable Tourism, one session
Tuesday dec 15th, 3pm-5pm (Geneva Time)

Can tourism be compatible with global sustainability? ORAL PRESENTATION

There is no doubt that tourism is growing as parts of the world become more affluent. In its growth it also aids economic development for the locations visited and thereby some poverty alleviation. But this growing tourism brings with it also problems which impact upon various factors of sustainability such as increased pollution and consequent effect on climate change, damage to the physical environment and also damage to the social environment. So the economic development from tourism comes at a cost which is unsustainable. But in traveling around the world it is noticeable that one factor seems to be universally agreed upon: if people from different countries and cultures knew each other they would realise that there is much similarity and thus there would be no wars and conflicts. So this presentation proposes a means of accepting tourism while achieving a contribution to peace alongside minimal environmental damage and sustainable poverty alleviation.

Prof Dr David CROWTHER, Social Responsibility Research network (SRRNet), United Kingdom,

Development Strategy for Sustainable Tourism, Pollution Control from Single-Used Plastics,SME-Sector Participation in Eco-based Products Development. ORAL PRESENTATION

Southern Province of Sri Lanka has been a unique historical destination for the international trade as well as modern tourism industry since 1960s. The ongoing tourism practice in this region has been diversified into an array of impressive activities at different geo-climatic sites such as exploring history, culture and architecture, watching biodiversity, uncovering societies & ways of life, engagements in adventures and sports etc. These activities are done either as a part of round tour packages or by exclusive tourists to such sites.

According to the 5A definition, the tourism industry is an assemblage of Attractions, Access, Accommodation, Activities and Amenities. Thus, in order to satisfactorily engage in activities at attractions, tourists must be supported with infrastructure developments such as accommodation facilities, restaurants, bars, information centers, activity businesses and so on. Unfortunately, most of the constructions for such facilities are permanent as well as close to the coastal belt or river banks.
Galle city, the capital of Southern Province of Sri Lanka, daily accommodates a large volume of population of both resident and transit locals as well as domestic and foreign tourists. Therefore, an appropriate infrastructure arrangement should be set up there with a management system for daily waste outcome, clean water demand and sanitation.

Such a management system for daily waste outcome should encompass a strategy to control the coastal pollution with single-used plastic and introduce a plastic re-cycling facility. In other words, that system should bring about an eco-friendly mechanism that prevents the transferring of single-use plastic stuff via waterways to the coast and direct local people for an industrial plastic recycling process or manufacturing alternative bio degradable stuff.

Mr. Suranga N. PATHIRANA and Mr. Dilip C. SIRISENA, Climates Tours, Sri-Lanka,

Sustainable Management of the Busiest Mountain in the UK ORAL PRESENTATION

Yr Wyddfa (Snowdon) is the most popular mountain in the UK, and the effect this has on people who work and live in the area is significant. The Yr Wyddfa Partnership - developed and established by Helen Pye, Snowdonia National Park Authority - launched a ground breaking plan for the sustainable management of the mountain. Ms Pye will detail the steps required to established such a partnership and management plan, and the projects that have been implemented as part of this innovative scheme.

More information can be found here:

Mrs Helen PYE, Snowdonia National Park Authority, United Kingdom,

Moth and Comllembola ORAL PRESENTATION

The trip in the course of the trees Pyralidae and Springtails created by OSI present :

The pyralidae, an invasive species that destroys every bush in its path ! However, we don’t know everything about them .... The number of times they moult is still unknown and predators hapve been discovered by OSI !
The springtails are super heroes invisible to the naked eye ! Yet without them we cannot live ! They provide nutrients and aerate the soil better than anyone else !

Mr Paul-Elie RABIER, Mr Amaury BARRET, Ms Rosalie MAYET ; Objectif Sciences International, France,


I’m going to talk about the Water Watch trip which was about the study of micro-plastics. I will explain how we did it and what tools we used and why it was necessary to carry out these experiments. All the experiments and results were carried out at the University of Lausanne in the l’Eprouvette laboratory. I will talk to you about the decrease in whitefish and what the main factors behind this are.

Ms Emma LOEPHEL TENINGES ; Objectif Sciences International, France,

The DUOCEAN concept of PASSIVE OBSERVATION of cetaceans in water, as a coherent alternative to "swimming with cetaceans". Proposal of a model for the creation and recognition of the profession of naturalist guide ORAL PRESENTATION

The west of Reunion Island is an almost unique place in the world where humans and cetaceans share the same biotope over a few square kilometers. An underwater plateau just in front of the seaside resort of the island concentrates 4 species of dolphins all year round and humpback whales in season. Whale-watching is developing from year to year and the authorities are struggling to regulate a development that has become anarchic. No licensing system exists for the moment.

It is in this context that, as a committed service provider, we have developed a unique PASSIVE OBSERVATION method and protocol, resulting from thousands of launches of experiments. This protocol also benefits from the endorsement of certain scientists, Ethnologist, renowned Bioacoustician.

It aims to reduce as much as possible the impact of launching with cetaceans by a very precise framing of the behavior of observers and a contribution of knowledge on the species encountered. Duocean benefits from an image bank of important video data available to scientists, fed by all observations made since 2012.

The method is centered on the vision by marine mammals of their own environment, the respect of whale and dolphin "codes".
Its objective is the maximum neutrality of the participants in the water.
It represents a solution to reintegrate Man as a simple observer in the natural environment.

<The protocol aims to never seek interactions with animals, in the manner of practices in court during terrestrial photo safaris, where observation remains the only practice allowed, to the detriment of interactions.

Duocean is an eco-tourism Stat-up which proposes a model for the sustainable development of a very controversial activity in the world.
We are acclaimed by the media, a large part of the public and local tourism institutions.

Duocean is already inspired by the recommendations of the International Whaling Commission’s handbook on the development of eco-responsible Whale Watching.
Despite this success, much remains to be done to have this future profession of naturalist guide recognized by the French authorities.
We lack the means to offer training for participants and supervisors in order to create a new eco-responsible, recognized and standardized activity.


Sustainability certifications’ role to lower the environmental and social impact of tourism. ORAL PRESENTATION

Tourism industry has grown exponentially in the past decades and with it the consequent environmental and social impact. Tourism has shown a strong potential to provide positive cultural, social and even environmental return to the countries and tourists involved. Third party reliable and transparent sustainability certifications can both reduce the negative impacts of tourism and enhance its positive return.

Friend of the Sea and Friend of the Earth certifications and environmental projects and campaign, jointly with the involved companies and institutions, are playing an important role in the movement towards a sustainable tourism, just like they lead the sustainable food movement.

Mr Paolo BRAY, World Sustainability Organization, Italy

Promote heritage tourism for sustainable local development in Niger ORAL PRESENTATION

Niger,through its centuries-old position as a commercial and political crossroads, today asserts itself as a precious mosaic of culture.
Social ties and ancestral ecemplary coexistence have shaped the life of Niger and its regions.
Rich in its diversity , both cultural and picturesque, the country prides itself on marvelous landscapes, particular fauna, paleontological sites unique in the world and colorful traditional festivals.
Despite the existence of legal instruments and institutions in charge of heritage , the heritage resources of Niger face threats such as :

  • Failure to respect heritage values ;
  • The degradation of sites ;
  • Natural erosion ;
  • The disappearence of certain habits and customs ;
  • Lack of adaptation to modern standards ;
  • Vandalism, theft and other illegal practices...
    Aware of all these factors, the NGO TOLD has developed a strategy called « Heritage Help ». This is an initiative that aims to bring the Nigerien populations to a real awareness in favor of the preservation and enhancement of their heritage in order to make it a lever for sustainable local development, in particular through heritage tourism.

Mr Issoufou ADAMOU HASSANE, NGO Tourism and Local Development (TOLD-Niger), Niger

No Planet B : enterprise and leadership in the age of no excuses ORAL PRESENTATION

PSD Nepal partners with the mountain people of Nepal. Together we are cultivating circular economies for waste and plastic solutions. In our pilot schemes, a 1 PET bottle = 1 NPR incentive scheme is in operation, with tens of thousands of plastic bottles cleared every month. This waste is recycled in Pokhara at Himalayan Plastic & creatively up-cycled for educational purposes, promoting environmental and cultural heritage
Our vision is cultivating circular economies in the Himalayan National Parks of Nepal by recycling PET plastic bottles from National Parks & promoting creative up-cycling. Our goal is promoting viable job creation, environmental wellbeing, & sustainable local management.
In this short talk we will present our recent work in recycling in the valley of Langtang, in Nepal, as well as our plans to upcycle plastic to build seven PET plastic pavilions for education and awareness in the region.

Mr Samuel JOHNS, PSD Nepal, United Kingdom,

Research programs in Nepal ORAL PRESENTATION

The OSI-NEPAL Program supports all participatory research stays and operations organized by the NGO OSI in Nepal, whether it is the expeditions of the BIODIVERSITA Research Program which studies biodiversity, or of the PANTHERA Research program which makes a follow-up of the Snow Panther, and soon many other projects ...

Mr Clément BURZAWA, Objectif Sciences International, Nepal

Presentations currently in Validation process

Tourism, crisis exit sector in Congo-Brazzaville ORAL PRESENTATION

In the Republic of the Congo, many agree that the main challenge facing us today is that of valuing the important heritage available to the country. Citizen initiatives at the will of the government, deciphering a slow economic change.
Sharing the green heart of Central Africa, the Republic of the Congo has never been put forward as a resort. Blame it on preconceived ideas. But also to the current context of political, economic and security crisis, in particular in the region of Pool. Among the solutions to put Congo Brazzaville back in place, tourism seems obvious to some Congolese who believe it is time for their country to realize its unrecognized and under-exploited potential.

Mr Patrice Arthur MAKOUANTSI ; Association de la jeunesse congolaise pour le développement, Congo

Women and tourism development in Africa ORAL PRESENTATION

Women play an important role in the tourism industries. Globally, they represent around 47% of jobs in this sector in Africa and more than half in hotels and restaurants. Figures which according to the latest report from the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), could still grow considerably.

Ms Bénédicte Roseline ILOKI ; Association de la jeunesse congolaise pour le développement, Congo

Other potential presentations

Perpetuating transiency: The Creation of Heritage by the Buddhist Perspective ORAL PRESENTATION

This paper is about the heritage in Buddhist place. In an attempt to go beyond a more traditional descriptive approach, the proposal aims at bringing forward a discussion about the definition, or rather the multiplicity of definitions, of the concept of heritage as such. The unavoidable tension emanating from a modern western frame of thought being applied to the geographical and cultural setting of the study provides an opportunity to develop a criticism of some of the assumptions underlying our current definitions of heritage. For this particular study, heritage is defined as to include stories, places and things. It is a heritage that is complex and ambiguous, because the stories are apparel, the definition and perceptions of place are manifold and contested, and the things and their meaning appear altered, depending on what approach to materiality is used. The objective is not to propose how to identify and manage such complex heritages. Rather, it is about what causes this complexity and ambiguity and what is in between the stories, places, and things. In addition, this paper aims to critically deconstruct the contemporary heritage discourse, which privileges material authenticity, form and fabric and the idea that heritage values are universal and should be preserved for the future and preferably forever.

In this context, the notion of material impermanence also governs the perception of reality. Approaches to materiality in Buddhism are related to the general ideas that things are important from a contemporary perspective and primarily as containers for spiritual values, that the spiritual values carry the connection to the past, and that heritage is primarily spiritual in nature and has little to do with physical structure and form. By exploring the concepts of restoration, destruction and consumption in such a perspective, we understand that preservation and restoration are active processes of materialization. We also understand that destruction and consumption are necessary for the appreciation of certain heritage expressions, and that heritage is being constantly created. With this understanding this paper in an argument for challenging contemporary western heritage discourse and question its fundamental ideology of preservation.

Mr Shimo SRAMAN, Wat Mai Amataros, Thailand ; and Mr Khokan BARUA, Buddha Bhoomi Foundation, India

Ecovoluntering : two charters for participatory and environmental travel ORAL PRESENTATION

Ecovolunteering has known fast growth in France over the last ten years, with an increasing number of ecovolunteering agencies and organizations, international ecovolunteering projects, as well as volunteers involved in projects. Although several thousands of French travelers participate in ecovolunteering projects each year, there is no authoritative definition of ecovolunteering, and this way of traveling does not benefit from any formal ethical rules. However wrongdoings do occur, and some projects have been criticized about their non-ethical positioning. In the absence of any official management, Cybelle Planète launched in 2014 and 2019 three online participatory consultations with almost 600 citizens and professionals in order to elaborate the first definition of ecovolunteering, as well as two ethical charters for ecovolunteering professional and volunteers.

Mrs Céline ARNAL, Cybelle Planète, France,

Education is Life for Ethnic Communities in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh ORAL PRESENTATION

The southeastern part of Bangladesh – a miraculously unique and attractive mountainous landscape is known as the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT). The region covers 10% (5,093 square miles) of the whole area of Bangladesh. The CHT is completely different in physical features, agricultural practices, and soil conditions from rest of the country, which is flat, and few feet above the sea level. The three districts of the Chittagong Hill Tracts- Rangamati, Bandarban and Khagrachari were named, as Chittagong Hill Tracts after the British possessed it, as because of its proximity to the Chittagong plain region. The Chittagong Hill Tracts’ socio-economical and geographical situation is different from the rest of the other districts of the country. The CHTs region comprised by 3 hill districts with 23 Upazilas (sub District) . Among the three hill districts of CHTs, Rangamati Hill Tracts is considered as central district as well as focal point because of its characteristics and historical heritage.

12 amazing indigenous communities of Mongoloid races inhabit the CHT, the wonderful picturesque mountain, possessing distinctly different physical features from the Bengali people. It is amazing that the indigenous communities of the CHT have created an authentic culture of inhabiting different ethnic groups within an area of few square miles. The natural environment offers them the opportunity of speaking completely different languages, building different types of houses, and wearing different clothing and following different customs and different religions (Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Animism).

During the last 25 decade due to militarization and political conflict Chittagong Hill Tracts deprived of their human rights, livelihood, life security and also their identities. A thousand of valuable lives lost for ever and many of the people had to leave their houses and property due to their life security and move here and there as internal refugee and some other left their mother land to the neighbouring country India. After historical Peace Treaty Hilly people expected to see the ray of hope but it is under full swing implementation. Therefore the situation not yet changed. No development activities successfully implemented by the Government or the development Agency due to lack participation of community people. Thus total population of Chittagong Hill Tracts some how affected or victimized during the insurgency period.

The total ethnic communities were not aware about education and they live in remote, mountainous and inaccessible areas. Therefore, they remain deprived from any facilities and services. The KOTHOWAIN organization (Vulnerable People’s Development Organization) established in 2003 by some social development activist in response to the issues of extreme poverty, low literacy rate, social and political conflict, eroding cultural identity, environment, and high incidence of human rights violations among the indigenous peoples in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Now many children are going to Universities and colleges after completion of primary level that supported by KOTHOWAIN. Right now, the communities strongly raised the voice that Education is Life for survival and sustainable development.


Impact of the security crisis linked to terrorism on tourism in the G5 Sahel Region: Case of Burkina Faso ORAL PRESENTATION

We will first present the G5 Sahel Region (creation and legal nature, objectives, main bodies and strategy). Then, a presentation of Burkina Faso and its tourism sector (tourism potential, public policies and socio-economic fallout) before the start of the security crisis linked to terrorism. We will also expose the nature and manifestations of the security crisis linked to terrorism in Burkina Faso and the impacts on tourism activities and the economy. We will finally share with the participants the solutions and perspectives.

Mrs Kiswendsida Marie Aimé OUEDRAOGO, Burkina Faso


Presentations done in 2019

Validated Presentations

Monday 9 Dec Afternoon - Room VII, Building A 1:30 pm - Hosting in the Room
1:50 pm - Official hosting
2:00 pm - Introducting key-notes, by Mr Thomas EGLI
Group 1 - New types of Sustainable Tourism
2:10 pm - 6m40sec - Indigenous Tourism as a global solution to support Earth Guardians ORAL PRESENTATION
As confirmed by official data provided by scientists and the UN, Indigenous peoples are the natural custodians of our planet and the protectors of 80% of biodiversity on Earth thanks to smart management of their ancestral lands. Tourism as defined by indigenous peoples themselves, is strongly connected with indigenous believes and wisdom, supporting indigenous rights, which are essential to keep protecting the natural gems remaining on our planet, from our future depends.
Through a promising pilot project, WINTA is exploring solutions on the field to use the power of tourism as a key tool to protect and support indigenous communities at stake or suffering from land and human violations, thanks to the support of counscious tour operators and a committed, well educated community of travelers, to generate a paradigm shift.

Ms Aurélie DEBUSSCHERE, World Indigenous Tourism Alliance Europe Agent ( France), Johnny EDMONDS, Anniina SANDBERG, World Indigenous Tourism Alliance, New-Zealand,
2:20 pm - 6m40sec - Sustainable practices in Indian Hotel Restaurants:An exploratory study of Northern Region of IndiaORAL PRESENTATION
Résumé anglais : Sustainability and conservation of the environment are two rising concerns in the world. the effects of degradation of environment can be seen through climate changes and the increasing landfills. Hotel industry has been claimed to have a part to play in the destruction and pollution of the environment. With the tourism initiatives being introduced in India, the pressure to provide accommodation and food will be on the Hotels. The environment is further expected to degrade if hotels continue to use non sustainable resources. The need in India is to implement sustainable practices in the Hotel industry. The role of Government and consumers also play an important part in determining whether the changes will be implemented by the Hotels in India. It was found through the literature in the study that the Hotels need to change to green practices in order to have a positive impact on economical, social and environmental factors. In terms of the economical factors, it was seen that the business would benefit from the green changes as there will be substantial reduction in the daily operations cost of Hotels. Further, hotels would be able to create a brand image and attract consumers. The social impacts would be seen on reduced impact on the locals of the harmful activities undertaken by the hotels in the form of releasing gases in the air through chimneys, waste disposal issues and water consumption pattern. The government needs a firm ground in implementing the existing schemes and policies along with better monitoring of Hotels on implementing the green practices. The consumers on the other hand need be aware of such practices and develop a positive attitude regarding green hotels. Awareness and attitude of consumers will impact their choice of staying in the green hotels even when they have to pay extra than the non sustainable hotels.
The study therefore has focused on these three aspects i.e. consumer awareness, consumer attitude and their willingness to pay a premium to stay in green hotels, which impact the decision of the hotels in implementing green practices in the business in Northern India. Based on the analysis the major findings proved that these three factors are important in determining whether the hotels implement green practices. These three factors were found to be reliable and unique. The analysis further proved that consumer awareness impact consumer attitude and further the willingness to pay premium is affected by it. It was found that consumers were less aware and hence were not willing to pay extra for such green practices because they could not see the changes themselves. Their attitude hence was found to be negative in opting for green hotels. It is therefore recommended that the Hotels advertise the green practices properly and give the consumers an on sight visit so that their attitude can change and they can be educated on these issues. Government policies did not play a dominant role and hence stricter policies with better implementation schemes have to be brought in and a way for monitoring needs to develop in Northern India.
Key Words:Sustainability, Consusmer Awareness, Consumer Attitude, Consumer’s Willingness to pay ,Hotel Restaurant
Dr Anupama MAHAJAN, Ms Shikha SHARMA, India, AMITY University,
Group 2 - Tourism as a social agent (poverty reduction, peace maker...)
2:30 pm - 6m40sec - Presentation of a concept: sustainable tourism communication alliance
As part of my training in sustainable development followed from January to June 2019 at the University of Geneva, I developed a study work on the theme of tourism and devised a concept for fair tourism to become the norm. Tourism activities have a significant environmental and social impact throughout the world and remain economically attractive. Working in communication, I bring an orientation that I want to share with industry professionals to assess the feasibility.

Ms Tania LOCHER, Switzerland, durable
2:40 pm - 6m40sec - The development of Tourism Industry in the Era of climate change :
Case of Tunisia
For countries on the southern side of the Mediterranean, tourism is a strategic sector, fundamental for their economic development. It directly employs 2.5 million people (4.4% of total employment) in 2017. This figure is likely to increase by 1.9% on average annually over 2028 (according to WTTC Report- 2018). Tunisia, as a seaside-dominated destination, experienced a period of rapid growth from the 1960s to the 1990s, before being the object of several crises, leading to difficult periods that worsened after the Bardo and Sousse terrorist incidents in 2015. These cyclical crises have been increased by climatic hazards (floods of Nabeul in 2018 for example).
Several studies of the impact of climate change on tourism show that the Mediterranean region is among the most exposed areas to this phenomenon. A warming of 1 ° C to 3 ° C will be suffered by the countries of this region by the horizon of 2020. Thus, the potential risks consist of:
The increase of the erosion process ? Sea level rise which will have a negative impact on coastal ecosystems and hotel facilities as well as on beaches quality ? Enhancement of water stress with an increasingly remarkable scarcity of water ? The recurrence of extreme weather events such as drought, floods, destructive storms, etc. These phenomena will generate not only massive material losses but also disturbances on the functioning of the tourist value chain ? Threats to biodiversity and the acceleration of the extinction of several species .
Today, the impact of climate change on Tunisian tourism industry is measurable, that’s why they are at the heart of the State’s strategies. So, what are the climate change impacts? What will be the recommendations to mitigate them?

Mr Moez KACEM, AMFORHT, France,
Group 3 - Tourism: a tool for Science Development
2:50 pm - 6m40sec - Into The Great Lakes ORAL PRESENTATION
The goal of the "Water Watch" program is to study the quality of the water every year depending on the environnement and in the different zones around the world. Our results during our trip show that the quality of the water is good. The protection of the water is something that tourist need to be informed of so that the environnement can be preserve.
Mr Niels CLEMENT, Bernat JALINOT, OSI, France,
3:00 pm - 6m40sec - Cultural tourism as a tool for development and peace education: The European Route of Places of PeaceORAL PRESENTATION
Culture has become a key product in the international tourism market, with tourists engaged in cultural activities accounting for 40% of international arrivals in 2016 (UNWTO, 2016). Culture is becoming a central factor of attraction in tourism. Heritage and cultural tourism can contribute for the sustainability of destinations. The environment, local social, cultural systems and tourism development are inextricably linked in a relationship when local values are respected and when they are also transmitted to the tourist. The European Places of Peace route represents one of the most genuine European values brought to this day through the experience and the memory of the places of Europe where Peace was a fact, the places where Peace Treaties were signed. The Route also emphasizes its contribution to strengthening mutual knowledge and exchange of experiences among the European peoples, its action in scientific historical research on the Treaties of Peace in Europe, the dissemination of a culture of peace in an educational perspective together with the younger generation as well as the decisive contribution it has made to the recovery and enhancement of the European Material Heritage. The Places of Peace Route includes 10 places from 8 countries (Germany, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovakia, Spain, Hungary, Portugal and Romania.
Ms Aurea RODRIGUES; Apolónia RODRIGUES, ERPP; Eduardo BASSO, ERPP, Portugal, Universidade Europeia & ENPP,
3:10 pm - 6m40sec - Presentation of research conducted by the PERCEPTION Research and Education Program
The PERCEPTION Research and Education Program’s Vision is to better understand the relationships between all living things in an ecosystem in order to propose innovative ecological solutions.
Our missions are to raise awareness of integrated management systems through project pedagogy to familiarize everyone with their environment.
For that we develop and put in place
study protocols and local sensitization actions through different projects in France and abroad. We are working on invasive species (Boxwood Moth), beaver, Amazonian bats, Collembola and many other concepts and species.

Mrs Solène TOUZEAU, ONG Objectif Sciences International, France,
Presentation of the panthera program, its field activities, its main results and its role for sustainable development.

Mr BASTIEN CHAIX, Objectif Sciences International, France,
3:30 pm - 6m40sec - Elephant Conservation & Sustainable Tourism ORAL PRESENTATION
The Elephant Conservation Center works in Laos since 2010. It rescues elephants, runs the only elephant hospital of Laos and undertakes a pioneering socialization & rewilding programme for Asian elephants under human care. in 2019, it was given a mandate to manage a 192.000ha national park (Nam Pouy, Sayaboury Province) home to the 2nd largest herd of wild elephants in country. Developing low-footprint scientific tourism in the national park is seen as way to include local communities in the park’s management and generate an income for them.

Mr Sebastien DUFFILLOT, ELEPHANT CONSERVATION CENTER LAOS, Lao People’s Democratic Republic,
Sustainable Tourism Development and Geographical Problems in Armenia POSTER PRESENTATION
The essentials and basics of sustainable tourism are analyzed. New trends, problems, and principles of sustainable tourism are introduced. Environmental, social and economic problems caused by tourism are discussed. The basic directions of tourism carrying capacity, regional development indicators, value chain, types of tourists, knowledge-based economy, management of cultural heritage, a collaboration between university, industry and government.
Ms Marine MATOSYAN, Armenia, ASPU, lecturer and manager of CaucaSusT Project,
Development Strategy for Sustainable Tourism / Pollution Control from Single-Used Plastics / SME-Sector Participation in Eco-based Products Development.
Southern Province of Sri Lanka has been a unique historical destination for the international trade as well as modern tourism industry since 1960s. The ongoing tourism practice in this region has been diversified into an array of impressive activities at different geo-climatic sites such as exploring history, culture and architecture, watching biodiversity, uncovering societies & ways of life, engagements in adventures and sports etc. These activities are done either as a part of round tour packages or by exclusive tourists to such sites.
According to the 5A definition, the tourism industry is an assemblage of Attractions, Access, Accommodation, Activities and Amenities. Thus, in order to satisfactorily engage in activities at attractions, tourists must be supported with infrastructure developments such as accommodation facilities, restaurants, bars, information centers, activity businesses and so on. Unfortunately, most of the constructions for such facilities are permanent as well as close to the coastal belt or river banks.
Galle city, the capital of Southern Province of Sri Lanka, daily accommodates a large volume of population of both resident and transit locals as well as domestic and foreign tourists. Therefore, an appropriate infrastructure arrangement should be set up there with a management system for daily waste outcome, clean water demand and sanitation.
Such a management system for daily waste outcome should encompass a strategy to control the coastal pollution with single-used plastic and introduce a plastic re-cycling facility. In other words, that system should bring about an eco-friendly mechanism that prevents the transferring of single-use plastic stuff via waterways to the coast and direct local people for an industrial plastic recycling process or manufacturing alternative bio degradable stuff.
Finally this paper will look into youth participation in controlling plastic pollution.

Mr Suranga N PATHIRANA, Climates Tours , Sri Lanka ,

Other potential presentations

Restrictive Factors for the Tourism. The Perception of Tourism Demand about the Public Security REMOTE PRESENTATION
The Insecurity is characterized as an important restrictive factor for the tourism, since the fear of unforeseen events that have negative consequences for the physical integrity of the visitor are decisive in the choice of a future destination to travel. Concern and fear about security are shared by society, making it possible to characterize them as social fear. Are insecure localities unable to establish themselves as important tourist destinations motivated by their insecure stereotype? In order to elucidate such an indagation, the city of Rio de Janeiro was used as the object of study of this research, since it is a tourist destination whose image is associated with insecurity. The objective of this article was to investigate the perception of insecurity in Rio de Janeiro through real and potential tourists. For this, research was carried out with tourists in the city of Rio de Janeiro and with potential tourists through digital formulary, seeking information about insecurity as a restrictive factor to tourism and about the perception of security in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The preliminary results confirm that insecurity is an important restrictive factor for tourism in Rio de Janeiro, especially in relation to urban violence. However, other elements relating to insecurity such as terrorism do not contribute significantly as a restrictive factor to tourism in that city.
2:20 pm - 6m40sec - The role of voluntary youth initiatives to restore destroyed destination image of the world first mocha coffee producer of Yemen ORAL PRESENTATION
Mocha (Al-Mukha¯ in Arabic) is the world major port located on the red sea, west of Yemen and the principal port was exporting the distinctive flavor of Mocha coffee to global market between 15th and 18th century. Today, the origin of Mocha beans plantations and farms productivity (i.e., arabica) is decreasing due to critical conflicts and political crisis that made many farmers in rural areas to search alternative works or move to urban areas to survive. Despite the growth of coffee tourism industry and its significant role in creating the tourist destination image. Yet, the heritage, historical, tourism aspects and effective role of voluntary youth initiatives including the international organizations been explored. This study plan to investigate the association between voluntary youth initiatives aspects and awareness of local communities through training and partnerships. This study will also evaluate the impact of local communities awareness and performance on forming a sustainable tourist destination image. The expected results of this research will highlight the impact of voluntary initiatives in sustainable development (i.e., cultural, social, economic).
Mr Al-Ansi AMR, Yemen, Student
2:30 pm - 6m40sec - Mobile applications for discovery and nature awareness ORAL PRESENTATION
Today, mobile applications for discovery and nature awareness offer tourism stakeholders the means to offer their visitors new Ecotourism activities. It is also the opportunity to value the natural spaces of territories, to raise awareness and to present a positive image.
Natural Solutions, the French leader in digital tools for nature discovery, wants to present different applications, initiatives and solutions for tourism stakeholders around the world.

Mr Cyril GAUTREAU, Olivier ROVELLOTTI, Natural Solutions, France ,
The world has become a small village where we all have significant roles to play ensuring safety and contributing in nation building for sustainable development, promoting our cultural values, heritage, tourism and natural feature mostly in Africa as developing countries. For mankind has always existed living under certain rules, way of life, religion and belief which is known as culture that represent our identities from ancestral roots. It will therefore be our right and obligation in continuity to manage, preserve and protect our cultural values, heritage, resources, tourism and environment to ensure a better future improving standard of living, education, healthcare, infrastructure, basic needs and agriculture. Fighting against poverty, starvation and war, encouraging peace and development for achieving a sustainable goal for all, and for mankind’s continuous existence.
For a nation is well known, respected and recognized by its rich conserved touristic nature and history to promote to the world. It is also true that communication, technology and science emerges becoming important tools in the development of our society which we cannot ignore, involving in our daily activities, at work places, in our communities and in social gatherings. Helping us to understand the transformation and changes of our environment and the state of the world. Africa as a continent same as other countries around the world, are blessed with rich and diversify cultures, with multiculturalism, multilingualism and dynamic heritage such as artifacts, architectural buildings, historic landmarks, wildlife, fertile soil, natural features and raw materials really have much to promote through tourism. Encouraging our creative and innovative skill works of art in cultural products thereby exposing out our hidden treasures of ethnicity, in tradition and behaviors, food and life style etc to showcase with pride and honor through tourism, raising revenue for the country to expand in other sectors for sustainable development. Tourism is one of the important sectors that really should not be abandoned, neglected or left out; it is also another part of education travelling the world to discover other continents, cultures and people, to promote peace, love and unity. Many reasons why we should encourage travelling because it helps us to blend socially learning other languages, it shapes our mindset and make us bicultural. Tourism brings employment in many areas of profession, attracting tourist and investors; it also contributes to sustainable development goal and peace. It will be shameful to see some countries in Africa going backward in development while other countries keep developing and improving their standard of living and providing basic needs to their citizens to achieving sustainability. When we know that development simply goes with a willing desiring mind, a vision plan and good leadership in governance to archiving a sustainable development goal. But this cannot happen in an atmosphere of crisis and war like in most countries in Africa e.g Cameroon. Where citizens of the English speaking regions are oppressed, killed and arrested by the government military for demanding their rights for basic needs and equality. Peace must be given a chance for development and also respecting basic human rights. We should be putting more efforts to conserve our heritage and touristic features, investing more to develop the tourism sector, to invite more visitors to raise revenue for the country. Giving out scholarships, free vocational training and seminars for an inclusive learning to equip our citizens with adequate skills and knowledge in different field of studies to play significant contribution in nation building and promoting peace in the world. The only way we can archive a sustainable development goal is when we all have something to contribute differently for the development of our nation. And investing more on sectors like agriculture. We have to see the world as one expressing love and encourage free movement for Smart travelling.
Mr Eric ANDONG AMBENDU, Cameroun, Multimedia Academy Cameroon (MAC),
3:00 pm - 6m40sec - 2030 United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development as a Social Entrepreneurship Blueprint ORAL PRESENTATION
Since the unveiling of The 17 SDG goals in 2014, stakeholders from around the world have seized the opportunity to promote and market the initiative rightfully as the right thing to do to save our planet. NGO from all over and Social Justice Activists have made the case to the general public and corporations to embrace this out of the goodness of our heart and our sense of survival.
At the time when Social à Entrepreneurship, a concept still not widely appreciated is taking center stage, a case can be made to look at the SDG as a platform for Social Entrepreneurship.
We know economic activities drives progress and innovation and casting the SDG in the light economic opportunities might just be the be the extra incentive to get the Business Community across the world to further embrace the SGD

Mr Guy DJOKEN, U.S. Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations, United States,
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent a global partnership aimed at responding to the world’s main development challenges, including poverty reduction, opportunities for education, better maternal health, gender equality, as well as reducing child mortality, AIDS and other diseases. The SDGs is a prerequisite to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) which are an agreed set of goals to be achieved by 2015 based on all actors working together at global, regional and national levels. Strategies based on working with a wide range of partners can help create coalitions for change that support the SDGs at all levels, benchmark progress and help countries build the institutional capacity, policies and programmes needed to achieve the SDGs. It is generally assumed that international tourism can generate benefits for poor people and poor communities in the context of sustainable tourism development, usually without specifically targeting the poor. However, greater attention has been given to the argument that tourism could be more effectively harnessed to address poverty reduction, climate change, sustainability of resources as well as generate income and revenue in ways that are more direct. Thus, the paper is a review of some selected goals of the SDG and their contributions in achieving sustainability of tourism resources in Nigeria, while also highlighting the areas of synergy, benefits and convergence for improvement
Mr Murtala Mohammed ALAMAI, Nigeria, Leisure and Tourism Mgt Dpt Federal Polytechnic Bauchi,

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