6th Annual International Conference on Rights of Nature for Peace and Sustainable Development - 11 and 12 December 2017, United Nations
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Below the Call for Contributions (Call for Abstracts).
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Call for Contributions 2017:
International Annual Conference on the Rights of Nature
December 11-12, 2017
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
|Thursday December 11 and 12, 2017
from 09:00 to 18:00
Monday evening, de 19:00 à 23:00 : Networking Dinner of Rights of Nature Networks
|FREE ENTRANCE UNDER SUBSCRIPTION (United Nations Access Pass)|
Simple Contribution to the Fees (See Fortm Below)
|Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french. Thank you to use the form at the bottom of the page to subscribe including only for audience.|
|Leading Projects of Education to Science and Citizen Sciences since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objective Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. The objective of this Conference organized into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle is to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.|
|Interactives Dialogues of the UN and Rights of Nature|
The experts who are solicited annually by the Bureau of the United Nations in charge of the initiative Harmony with Nature, exchange already at national and continental levels (Europe, North America...) following diverse groups of themes. This Conference organised in December permit to work on the results of the High Level Interactive Dialogues that was done, and to prepare the objects of thinking for the next Interactive Dialogues. The one who want to exchange and share their ideas, practices and solutions, at worldwide level, meet at the end of the year for the International Annual Conference organized in United Nations.
Protection of Nature / Legal personality of Nature / Living Beings / Sustainable Development
Several public or associative organizations, and citizens, that are active in the domain of Rights of Nature, federated or organized, at the international level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature, at United Nations, in Geneva.
This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.
Your Annual Exchanges Resource
In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.
The participants at this Conference are:
- Local and regional actors of different countries
- Thematic Actors by disciplines
- Regional or national federations
- Thematic Federations, by disciplines
- Large Institutions of Rights of Nature
- Associations of Defense and Protection of Nature
- Government departments (Environment, Education, Research, Sustainable Development...) and international associations of Ministries
- Specialized Journalists (law, science, environment, education, sustainable development ...)
- UN agencies (UNDP, UNEP ...)
Subjects that are in the agenda of December 2017 are:
- Earth-centered Law
- Ecological Economics
- Education for a natural behaviour of respect of Nature
- Holistic Science and Researches
- Humanities for Rights of Nature
- Philosophy and Ethics
- The Arts, the Media, Design and Architecture
- Theology and Spirituality front of Rights of Nature
Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in a round table between speakers and debates with the audience of the Assembly.
Organiser : NGO Objective Sciences International, Geneva
- Thomas EGLI, President of Objectif Sciences International
- Lisa MEAD, Jurist, Earth Law Alliance
- Valérie CABANES, Juriste, Porte Parole de l’initiative End Ecocide on Earth
Moderators (Time-Keepers) :
- Doris RAGETLI, Rights of Mother Earth
- Colin ROBERTSON, Lawyer-linguist member of the Rights of Nature networks
Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2017, where are described the 2 days dedicated to the Conference on Rights of Nature for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.
|Monday Morning : Networking and One on One Meetings|
Monday Afternoon : Make nature the Center of People’s Priorities
Monday Evening : Annual Networking Diner of the Networks of Rights of Nature
Tuesday Morning : Strategies for Defence of Rights of Nature
Tuesday Afternoon : Make People Nature’s Helper
Official Opening Session - Monday 11 December 14:00
Session organised in partnership with Rights of Mother Earth, the Bureau Harmony With Nature of United Nations and Objectif Sciences International.
- Remarks on current situation
- Remarks from the side of the Governmental Representations represented
Already Validated Presentations
Monday afternoon topic :
|Make nature the Center of People’s Priorities|
|Room XXIV - Building E||Please be present from 1:30 pm and at least at 1:50 pm|
|1:30 pm : Please arrive in good time for prompt 1:50pm start|
1:50 pm : Welcoming elements from the GENEVA FORUM by Thomas EGLI, President of the GENEVA FORUM
2 pm : Opening Ceremony: Gratitude to Water, Danielea Castell, Water Ceremonialist and Sound Weaver (see detailed below)
2:10 pm : Opening Keynotes and Remarks on current situation by Thomas EGLI, and Co-moderators: Lisa MEAD, Jurist, Earth Law Alliance / Ecological Law & Governance Association and Valérie CABANES, Jurist, Spoke Person of Initiative End Ecocide on Earth
2:20 pm : Starting of the Panel of the Presentations
3:05 pm : 3:05 pm Exercise in sub-groups relating to Rights of Nature :
|Opening Ceremony involving gratitude to water|
|Water connects us all. Water can bring us into harmony with ourselves, each other and Nature. Water is alive, intelligent and available for conscious connection.
The purpose of the Opening Ceremony is to:
- formally bring Water and its voice into the conference as a stakeholder
- connect participants directly with Water to inspire creative flow and new perspectives
People are welcome to bring a small jar of Water from a Water body in their home town or city. Please label your jar with the Water’s name and location. All the Waters will have a designated place of honour in the room.
Mrs Danielea Castell, Water Ceremonialist & Sound Weaver www.waterharmony.org
|List of the Presentations of Monday afternoon|
|Government of New-Zealand|
|New Zealand is known around the world for its beautiful natural landscape. However, as a British colony, the issues of land ownership and meaning have been at the centre of New Zealand’s complex and sometimes difficult relationship between the Crown and indigenous Māori groups. Modern day New Zealand has been faced with the following question: how can we settle legitimate indigenous grievances involving land, whilst ensuring our natural beauty will remain preserved and open to the public? In the last few years, New Zealand has successfully navigated this question by granting legal personhood to two different natural entities: Te Urewera (a former national park) in 2014 and the Whanganui River (Te Awa Tupua) in 2017. Te Urewera and the Whanganui River now have all the rights, powers, duties, and liabilities of a legal person – each with human representation to act on their behalf. In the case of Te Urewera their interests are represented by a bicultural board, and for the Whanganui River, by two guardians – one appointed by the Crown and one by Māori. This groundbreaking legislation provides a look at a new framework for conservation: one that accommodates both Western and Māori perspectives. This is an important step as it is acknowledgement of the Māori worldview of the natural world: that the well-being of people and the natural world are intrinsically related. In addition, this joint Crown-Māori approach to conservation is recognition of our bicultural country. Whether this new framework for conservation will work in other contexts will likely depend on a range of factors.
Jarrod Clyne, New Zealand Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office at Geneva
|Project of Action for the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 2018 in New York|
|We are inviting UN member states/representatives to join the group who will propose the adoption of the Declaration of Rights of Mother Earth to the UN GA next year for the 70th anniversary of the Human Rights Declaration on 10 December 2018.|
|Public policies and the rights of nature to live well (buen vivir) in harmony with Nature|
|The presentation intends to demonstrate that for the integral development of the relations between all the members of the nature are realized in harmony and for the efficiency of a Universal Declaration of Rights of Nature it is essential the promulgation of related public policies that foment and promote the execution of projects and activities so that the cities and other spaces of the community became a healthy and peaceful living environment.|
For a Universal Declaration of Rights of Nature we must cover various disciplines that establish the conversations necessary to demonstrate the interdependence of all who live in the planet and thus constitute it in its universality. It is necessary that we abandoning the anthropocentric perspective in favor of affirmative polycentric biopolitics. In that way, could be possible achieving thus enough momentum to overcome the ecological crisis in which the world is currently plunged. For the successful implementation of these proposals, one needs to recall the invocation of the Law of Universal Fraternity, that prevails regardless of legal enforcement and becomes immanent throughout the entire legal system by the practice of the action of loving – this action being rather natural to everything that is contained in its universality, including the Earth itself under the laws of relativistic quantum physics. Include, most of all, the perception that the love is an expression of better ways to humankind make relations beginning of a relationship with itself as a person, with the community and with all others members of Earth.
The greatest expression of this new way of relating is in the midst of the smaller community, the family, which is the basis of a society and thus of the State, whose closest manifestation of each of the individuals that are related occurs in the cities.
The environment for the development of such relationships must be prepared and maintained in conditions that provide a way of living in full, in harmony with nature.
In São Paulo - Brazil we are enforcement this kind of activities and the presentation intend to show how it is working.
Mrs Vanessa Oliveira, MAPAS, Brazil
|Universal Responsibility, Human Duties and the Rights of Nature|
|Anthropocene, “the Age of mankind”, has witnessed the dawn of a planetary consciousness within the Earth ecosystem, requiring a new paradigm of inclusiveness, based on the interdependence and the indivisible community of life. In 2017 nature is increasingly recognized a subject of law, which involves to redefine human duties and commitments to it. In this context, the need to assume a universal responsibility should become a priority, as the Dalai Lama has kept reminding us from international forums as early as 1973, year of his first public lectures in the West. And in 1989, the Nobel Peace prize was awarded to him notably in recognition of his commitment to promote the concept of universal responsibility, as a guiding tenet for how human beings should treat one another and the planet they share.
According to the Tibetan leader, by failing to understand that we must become individually the change we want for the world, none of the great democratic or societal ideals heralded for centuries, has succeeded in bringing the peace, the social justice and the brotherhood they promised to implement. An external system of thought alone will not be sufficient. In front of the environmental emergency, in 2 recent landmark books, New Reality (2016) and A Call to Revolution (2017), co-written with Sofia Stril-Rever, the Dalai Lama is urging us to transform the Anthropocene into an Age of universal responsibility, by starting a Revolution of compassion, in order to become citizens of planet Earth, connected in a fraternity that extends to the whole biosphere and the natural life.
Sofia Stril-Rever, a French writer and lecturer, biographer of the Dalai Lama, is the founding spokesperson of the association Peace and Universal Responsibility Europe (P.U.R.E.). She teaches meditations of inner healing and universal responsibility.
STRIL-REVER Sofia, France, Peace and Universal Responsibility, www.universal-responsibility.org
|The new Latin American Constitutionalism|
|The anguish for the search for preventive solutions to the humanicide enunciated by the science of today, precipitated, in the scope of the United Nations, the beginning of the formation, through intercultural reports and dialogues, of a substitute and complementary paradigm to that of sustainable development, nowadays called Harmony with Nature. The initiative Harmony with Nature at the United Nations was launched in 2011, due to the acceptance of the proposal made by the Bolivian Government, of the declaration of April 22 as the "International Mother Earth Day". The recognition of the date also strengthened the processes carried out in Ecuador and Bolivia of the creation of the Plurinational States, which adopt bold and avant-garde measures, the two countries mark the non-anthropocentric turn in the scope of Law, constitutionalizing the proposal of Living Well, synthesized as Harmony with Nature. In the political-juridical field, the influence of the ecocentric constitutionalism of the Andes on the establishment within the United Nations of a world trajectory of transition to a non-anthropocentric and Earth-centered paradigm is verified. This initial protagonism is due to the pioneering recognition of the rights of Pachamama (Nature) in the Constitution of Ecuador in 2008, the institutionalization of the Living Well as government programs in those countries, the constitutionalization of the principle of Harmony in Bolivia, and, especially, the referral, in 2009, to the United Nations by the Pluriannual Government of Bolivia, of a proposal of the Declaration of the International Day of Mother Earth. The new democratic constitutionalism arises in Latin America as an expression of the consciousness of complementarity, present in the indigenous civilization. New proposals, such as those of the Sumak Kawsay and Suma Qamaña, translated as Well Living and Living Well, are being incorporated into the Constitutions of Ecuador and Bolivia, respectively, from which the recognition of the rights of Mother Earth and the principle of Harmony, while maintaining, nevertheless, the western legacy of human rights. Rights of Mother Earth and Human Rights coexist, side by side, in these Andean constitutional texts. The awareness of complementarity allows and facilitates convergence among the various proposals of the Dialogues Harmony with the Nature of the United Nations (HwN NU), which can be traced back to an ancestral heritage common to Humanity. It is revealed in the analysis of the Dialogues Harmony with the Nature of the United Nations (HwN UN) and in the precedents of the Latin American and Indian Constitutional Justice on the rights of the Vilcabamba rivers in Ecuador, the Atrato river basin in Colombia, and the rivers Ganges and Yamuna in India, the presence of a common heritage to humanity, transhistoric and transcultural, regardless of the coordinates of time and space. This inheritance, here called Pachamama Consciousness, consists of the consciousness of the human being to relate in Harmony with Nature, with other human beings, the other living species, the Planet in which they live and coexist and the Universe, in order to allow the continuity of their individual and collective life, as a species on Earth. In the juridical field, there is the incipient tendency of a non-anthropocentric conformation of Law, described today as Earth-centered World View, considering the Planet not as an inanimate object to be explored, but our common and living home. This tendency manifests itself in two ways in the framework of the Harmony Dialogues with Nature (HwN UN): with the world debates about the Principle Harmony with Nature, as the founding ethos of juridical relations, as well as on the possibility of eventual emission of an International Charter of Mother Earth Rights. The paradigm of consciousness Harmony with Nature, formed from a multidimensional and integrated vision of life and based on logical principles of complementarity, can be a way out of the self-destructive path, reverent to Thanatos, which we insist on following, and, to reinvigorate agonizing Eros. Paradigms supported by the logic of exclusion, as the recent History of Humanity demonstrates, has kept us tied to the gordian knot of the destruction and immediate suffering of various beings - extinction and domination of living species, people and peoples, and the threat remote (though not so much) self-destruction, of Humanity ... The paradigm of complementary harmony or Harmony with Nature, woven on the basis of the conceptual elements of community (ayllu) and reciprocity (ayni), components of the Pachamama Consciousness, is more apt, from the logical perspective, to complement, renew or succeed the paradigm of sustainable development. These elements are common to traditional and scientific knowledge and the proposals of Well-Living, Deep Ecology, Earth Democracy and Earth Jurisprudence, object of the United Nations HwN Dialogues. Therefore, this new paradigm of Harmony with Nature, as an ethical foundation, can facilitate and abbreviate the way for the issuance of an International Charter of Mother Earth Rights. In Brazilian constitutional law, despite the absence of norms or rules expressed on principle Harmony with Nature and on the rights of Mother Earth, it is possible to infer from it this implicit principle, as well as the legal protection of the rights of Mother Earth, similarly to what happened in Colombia. This removes any obstacles to the reception of future international legislation on the subject.
Germana de Oliveira Moraes
|Trees, our allies for a positive global change|
|The most prominent beneficiaries of Rights of Nature will be trees and forests. More than generally assumed, the trees are our best allies in our effort for a transition to a sustainable way of life. Their contribution comprises : 1) transforming solar energy into biodiverse biomass and global water cycles, making life under the tropics possible, 2) regenerating degraded and humus-depleted agricultural soils with ligneous biomass, making tillage, chemical fertilisers and biocides avoidable and producing healthy crops, and 3) providing affordable building and insulation materials sequestering carbon and substituting fossile energy-intensive products. A simple and efficient pedagogical method involving trees is proposed, in order to initiate a new, deep and creative relationship between children and Nature.
ZüRCHER Ernst Rudolf, Switzerland, Bern University of Applied Sciences BFH / AHB, www.bfh.ch
|A short presentation about how ELGA came into being, what its purpose and aims are, who can join ELGA|
|A short presentation about how ELGA came into being, what its purpose and aims are, who can join ELGA.
Lisa J MEAD, Earth Law Alliance, Steering Committee, Ecological Law & Governance Association
|NGO perspective, a proposal of debriefing|
Mari Margil www.celdf.org
|Closing Speakers of Monday afternoon|
|Key Notes from The Bureau of Harmony With Nature of the United Nations|
Tuesday morning topic :
|Strategies for Defence of Rights of Nature|
|Room XXIV - Building E||Please be present from 08:30 am and at least at 8:50 am|
|8:50 am : Morning welcoming elements from the GENEVA FORUM by Thomas EGLI, President of the GENEVA FORUM
9:00 am : Starting of the Panel of the Presentations
9:40 am : Starting the Debate Session (Constructive answers from the panel after every 3 questions/remarks from the audience, 3 questions/remarks by 3 questions/remarks)
10:35 am : Conclusion elements by Lisa MEAD, Jurist, Earth Law Alliance and Valérie CABANES, Juriste, Porte Parole de l’initiative End Ecocide on Earth
10:50 am : Closing Keynotes by Thomas EGLI, President of the GENEVA FORUM
11:00 am : Ending of the morning session
|List of the Presentations of Tuesday morning|
|Nature’s Rights as a Tool for Systemic Change - A European Perspective|
|Rights of Nature is often seen as a topic that is philosophical, academic, on the fringes, primarily related to indigenous people and of little relevance to the "real world". This talk will debunk those myths and put rights of nature in its proper context - as a game changing solution to our modern inter-related crises that acts as a key driver for systemic transformation in our main societal systems. In other words - something that the world needs now.
Ecosystems and other species are alive. Yet the law treats them as objects separate to us. We believe that the wide reaching economic, legal and social ramifications that stem from this are one of the primary causes of the environmental crisis. Our laws - based on outdated mechanistic paradigms - are designed to support economic policies which are coupled with the destruction of nature. These laws only manage the worst externalities of business as usual, rather than addressing root causes. At best they can only slow the rate of degradation - but they cannot stop or reverse it. Sadly, this will continue as long as ecosystems and other species are treated as objects under the law - property - rather than stakeholders in their own right, whose right to life is interdependent with our own.
Nature’s Rights is a game changing solution that brings fundamental and systemic transformation to our legal and economic system by re-characterising Nature - ecosystems and other species - as subjects of the law with legal personality and tangible rights that can be defended in court by people. From this systems of ecological governance that empower communities and align with how ecosystems operate can emerge along with the requirement to embed this in all areas of policy. Granting Nature the status of a subject of the law acknowledges the obvious interdependent relationship between humankind and the rest of nature. It establishes a legal duty of care towards nature which brings in obligations and empowers communities to proactively protect nature using the law. As a tool for addressing power imbalances, the rights of nature are a powerful counterbalance to corporate rights and the financialisation of nature. Additionally it is an approach that reframes and brings about a cultural shift in the perception of our relationship with nature.
Taking a rights based approach to environmental law provides a powerful opportunity to fundamentally reshape our uncritical models of economic development, address our unmet moral obligations to future generations, and challenge our concept of what it means to live a flourishing life. It also presents a viable alternative to the recent attempts to monetise ecosystems and financialise nature.
In this talk we will also:
1) show a short video presentation of extracts from the well received conference that our NGO Nature’s Rights held in the European Parliament earlier this year - "Nature’s Rights - the Missing Piece of the Puzzle" - featuring the views of the Head of the European Environment Agency, the 2 Vice-Chairs of the European Parliament Environment Committee, the Head of IUCN Europe and more;
2) give a progress update on rights of nature national and local level initiatives in Europe including a progress update for the planned European Citizens Initiative to put rights of nature on the EU legislative agenda.
3) show a short video of our project with the Town of Frome to get rights of nature recognised at a local level in UK law and policy.
Mrs Mumta ITO, UK, Nature’s Rights (SC405540), www.natures-rights.org
|Legal Personality for Nature: a concept for implementing rights of nature in law|
|Legal personality for nature provides a concept for implementing rights of nature in legal systems. It does that by recognising an element of nature as a legal person, vested with rights and obligations like other legal persons, and having the power to defend itself in law through its human representatives. As a person it is entitled to be protected directly by criminal, as well as civil and administrative law. |
Legal personality is an established legal concept, long used for ’legal-fiction’ entities such as trusts, corporations and associations. Nature is ’real’ and ’physical’ and not fictional. It cannot act or participate directly by itself in human law systems and uses its own forms of language and communication. Many humans also cannot act or participate in law without assistance: unborn children, babies, and mentally-ill persons have tutors and guardians. The same approach can be applied to nature to voice its needs, defend its interests, interpret and translate these into human language, and participate as stakeholder in all decisions affecting it.
Legal personality for nature lays a foundation for building a framework of nature representation as part of everyday law. It improves efficiency in ecological law-making. Examples include rivers, mountains, oceans and eco-systems.
An impossible ideal? The New Zealand Law Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River Claims Settlement) Act 2017 has already shown what can be done. An inspiration to study, follow and build on.
Mr Colin Robertson, Lawyer
|Water Rights In Almeria - Spain - International Tribunal Rights for Nature 2017 - Judgements - Solutions|
|I am presenting this case, and a sustainable alternative in my capacity as an expert with the UN Harmony with Nature programme and as a human being threatened by the loss of my home and my way of life.
The threat is an irreversible Ecocide. The Ecocide has begun. An Ecocide is the destruction of an Eco system. The cause - Six million olive trees under super intensive production draining the aquifer, (underground water supply), supplying water to 35,000 people and zones under full protection of the EU Nature 2000 network. I will use multi media with drone, video, and still photography of the area, evidencing this massive abuse of Nature and Humans. I will show water being delivered by tanker to villages, previously blessed with abundant water now deprived of both potable drinking water and water for their previously sustainable agricultural lifestyles. I will outline our work with the European Union, the UN Human Rights Council, National and local Government, and the Ombudsman for Andalucia. I will talk of the judgements delivered by the International Tribunal on The Rights of Nature and the way forwards. This presentation is of people involved in a struggle where the Environment has been overrun and is being destroyed. The facts are clear and the way forward is clear. We need to adopt and use the paradigms created by the UN group "Harmony with Nature". We need to use the legal powers incorporated in citizens rights to extend these rights to Nature and Environment, the Rights of Nature. We must empower citizens to demand financial restitution for displacement and loss of livelihood due to negligence and lack of responsibility.
I will outline the sustainable alternative demonstrated by Rafael Olonso Aquilera, "Oro Del Desierto".
His farm is located on the edge of the Tabernas Desert. His family have farmed olives for 7 generations. His production from 25,000 trees, using 21st century technology is an inspiration in our desire to reach sustainable development goals in line with "Harmony with Nature".
Mr David Frederick DENE, Spain, Rights of Nature. Aquiferos Vivo
|Global Transformation in the Mirror of the Ecosystemic Approach: Consequences for Public Policies, Research and Teaching Programmes|
|The study of natural systems and our relationship with them, the change of the present policies that accommodate people to the market-oriented system, implies a critical approach in view of the things that people actually need (food, shelter, clothing, education, security, health care), abandoning the costly things they do not (luxury products, military hardware, pollution, traffic jams, useless chattels, corruption and overspread criminality). To develop healthy societies, that invest in each other rather than in material things, new forms of individual and collective identities should be developed, challenging the power asymmetries that oppose common citizens and political and economical groups; instead of dealing with the consequences, an ecosystemic approach is posited to face the multi-scalar, multi-stakeholder, and relational contexts in which problems arise, are evaluated and dealt with. Instead of an exploratory forecasting (projection into the future of the trends of today), a normative forecasting (previous definition of desirable goals and the exploration of new paths to reach them) is posited; problems are defined in view of an ecosystemic framework, taking into account four dimensions of being in the world (intimate, interactive, social and biophysical), as they combine to elicit the events, deal with the consequences and organize for change (potential outputs). The proposal combines agent-based modelling (capable of capturing heterogeneous attributes, behaviours, and interactions of individuals) and system dynamics modelling (which captures population-level, ecological influences, and whole system dynamics); transnational governance systems would have the authority to implement the right set of norms to safeguard humanity’s cultural, natural and built environments, aesthetic and life saving values for future generations. New paradigms of development, growth, power, wealth, work and freedom, embedded into the cultural, social and educational institutions, should be associated to public policies, research and teaching programmes, addressing structural power asymmetries, that favour mega-projects with intensive use of resources and confer to a small and privileged part of the world population the decisions about the destiny of the entire mankind. Ref.: PILON, A. F., Developing an Ecosystemic Approach to Live Better in a Better World: A Global Voice for Humanity Survival in the 21st Century, Herald of the International Academy of Science (Health & Ecology), Moscow, 1, 2014: 12-15 [on line]: http://www.heraldrsias.ru/download/articles/02_Pilon.pdf
Mr André Francisco PILON, Brazil, University of São Paulo; International Academy of Science
|Droit de propriété et Droits de la Nature|
|Le droit de propriété est fondamental aussi bien dans la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme de 1948 que dans la Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen de 1789, encore en vigueur dans la Constitution française. Il fait pourtant problème dans la mesure où il conduit à une exploitation effrénée des ressources naturelles. Les droits de la Nature envisagent l’être humain comme un être parmi tant d’autres - animaux, plantes, écosystèmes - qui a le devoir de protéger les autres par ses lois. Ces êtres ne sont plus considérés comme des ressources, mais comme des partenaires. S’il est souvent dénoncé, le droit de propriété a cependant aussi ses vertus. Il conviendrait de le redéfinir en en éliminant sa composante abusive, et de définir le statut de propriétaire comme un cas particulier du statut de gardien, de protecteur, dont le devoir est de garantir à tous les êtres des droits spécifiques adaptés à leurs besoins particuliers.
PERRIN-TAILLAT Michèle, France
Tuesday afternoon topic :
|Make People Nature’s Helper|
|Room XXIV - Building E||Please be present from 1:30 pm and at least at 1:50 pm|
|1:50 pm : 2nd day welcoming elements from the GENEVA FORUM by Thomas EGLI, President of the GENEVA FORUM
2 pm : Starting of the Panel of the Presentations
3:00 pm : Starting the Working SubGroups Session (one different question to be solved for each subgroups = parallel organization)
4:00 pm : Introduction of the Feed-Back Session by Lisa MEAD, Jurist, Earth Law Alliance and Valérie CABANES, Juriste, Porte Parole de l’initiative End Ecocide on Earth
4:10 pm : Statements from each Working SubGroups
4:30 pm : Closing Speaker - Mrs Maria Mercedes Sanchez, Bureau Harmony with Nature of United Nations
4:40 pm : Conclusion elements by Lisa MEAD, Jurist, Earth Law Alliance and Valérie CABANES, Juriste, Porte Parole de l’initiative End Ecocide on Earth
4:50 pm : Closing Keynotes by Thomas EGLI, President of the GENEVA FORUM
5:00 pm : Networking session until 6:00 pm
|List of the Presentations of Tuesday afternoon|
|Droits des Insectes - Un exemple de travail de formation par la pratique aux questions sur les Droits de la Nature|
|Ce programme existe depuis 2009 dans OSI et propose à des participants dès 13 ans et à de jeunes adultes, de découvrir un thème de recherche en début de séjour et de le présenter sous forme de conférence, table ronde ou vidéos lors la retransmission de fin de période d’une semaine , 10 jours ou deux semaines. Un défi permettant d’intégrer des méthodes de prise de parole en public, gestion du stress, organisation de projet, communication, écoute, vérification des informations scientifiques,communiquer des résultats et autres voies de leadership. Les sujets de recherche font un lien avec les développements des Droits de la Nature en cours d’élaboration . Depuis 2014 la situation du loup dans les écosystèmes, les législations nationales et européennes à partir de la situation de Crupies dans la Drôme en France et cette année les droits des insectes dans le cadre de l’écosystème du Val d’Anniviers à Saint Luc en Suisse |
Ce sujet de découverte pour les participants leur a permis de développer plus de leadership et de confiance en eux et a contribué au rayonnement de leur personnalité.
Par Emeline Gravaillac (17 ans) et Paul Sade (17 ans) Volontaires du Programme de Recherche Participative EXCELLENCY
|The bakery loop for tomorrow|
|Integrating Rights of Nature with "The bakery loop for tomorrow" The bakery loop system which is conceptual of saving energy, saving the nature life and species under the water and reserving the resource environment to ecological.|
For the past 5 years, I’ve developed a bakery product loop. Both technically to business. Based on the concept of sustainable development. From the beginning of the bakery business process. By using non-hazardous materials and ingredients :such as gluten-free flour, purified water are the main ingredients. Include the use of ingredients that are low GI and trans fat free. Milk and butter from non-genetically engineered animals, and any injected. Select energy efficient baking techniques both electricity, wind and water supplied. Especially use "Blast chiller/freezer systems shock products to prolong thelife cycle of bakery products without preservative agents added.To producehealthy bakery products for both human and natural aquatic life for Bread Kratong festival ,(such as fish: the final consumer of the business), as well as the selection of safe packaging for the ecological system. Can be decomposed naturally to keep fresh and warm such as non-foam type package, recycle paper. And set a fair price for selling.
This system has been used to operate bakery business in leading company which has many branches in Thailand. After the research has achieved results which has significant and credible. "The bakery ring for tomorrow" has the potential to become a bakery loop for nature and the environment. Support for sustainable biological systems development. Its a bakery production loop that has valuable for human life and non-human beings. By maximizing the use of environmental resources and ecologically friendly and truly return right for the nature according to the concept of Integrating Rights to the Natural.
Mr Pathawit Chongsermsirisakul, Chulalongkon University, Thailand
|CONDAMNONS LA PRIVATISATION DES RESSOURCES GENETIQUES et libérons les semences, patrimoine commun de l’Humanité !|
|Chaque plante, chaque espèce vivante est un maillon de la chaîne alimentaire qui nous relie et nous protège de la disparition… Nous assistons actuellement à une extinction massive des espèces végétales qui ébranle les fondements de la vie sur terre. La disparition accélérée de la biodiversité, tout comme la disparition des abeilles menacent gravement la pérennité des écosystèmes et à terme, l’existence même de l’humanité. (75% des variétés comestibles ont disparu en 1 siècle - Chiffres F.A.O.) Le constat d’abandon des productions vivrières dans de nombreuses régions du monde, corrélé à des catastrophes naturelles et à d’autres facteurs conjoncturels doit faire prendre conscience de la vulnérabilité des populations, même en cas de crise mineure. Notre sécurité alimentaire, nos ressources phyto-génétiques, l’épuration de l’air et de l’eau, la régulation du climat, la protection des sols, les paysages, l’énergie renouvelable, le bois d’oeuvre, les textiles naturels, toutes ces fonctions dépendent de la diversité des espèces végétales, dont l’accès est de plus en plus menacé par l’appropriation et la privatisation des grandes compagnies multinationales et par les réglementations des Etats qui favorisent cette dépendance et cet appauvrissement tragique. Ces pratiques et le modèle agro-alimentaire industriel qui détruit les écosystèmes sont une menace pour la paix civile dans de nombreuses régions. Nous devons condamner fermement cette domination injuste et favoriser la libéralisation des semences traditionnelles pour l’autonomie et la sécurité des populations grâce au retour des agricultures paysannes, vivrières et écologiques, qui ont démontré sur tous les continents, leur pouvoir de résilience et leurs capacités à nourrir durablement et pacifiquement les peuples. C’est aussi une réponse aux drames migratoires à venir que de favoriser la souveraineté alimentaire par des productions locales autonomes et économes .
M. Philippe DESBROSSES, Association Intelligence Verte, http://www.intelligenceverte.org
|To create right of nature awareness with Cartoon animation|
|According to my theory of behavior changed of the student by Cartoon Animation to be the tools of treatment in the research methodology in format of cartoon animation, which has designed by the specific content of SDG30 approach to tend the student to create the Rights of Nature awareness in their mindset. |
The result of the research are accepted the hypothesis at level with significant in target group. To support for sustainable biological systems development. It can be integrating Rights to the Natural.
Siripen IAMURAI, PhD, Author, Thailand, Assumption University, and Pathawit CHONGSERMSIRISAKUL, Co-Author, Thailand, Chulalongkorn University
|United Nations of the Spirit|
|The United Nations of the Spirit is an outcome from a historic gathering in Colombia in December 2015, where representatives from different ancient cultures of the Americas and India discussed how to unite our strengths to heal the current situation the modern society has created. They came together for the Kiva ceremony that takes place in a temple digged in the earth, resembling the heart of Mother Earth. For four years the Kiva ceremony had been taking place in Varsana, an eco yoga community and part of the Vrinda family, situated outside of Bogota, and on the fourth year in December 2015 the United Nations of the Spirit were declared. In February 2019 the first intercontinental Kiva ceremony will be held in India, at the huge spiritual gathering called Kumbha Mela, where every four years millions of pilgrims from all different traditions there take part. Representants of the original nations of the Americas will travel to India and meet with spiritual leaders who are engaged in river protection in their land.
The United Nations of the Spirit is an international voluntary union, a network of all those who want to be part of the healing process for Mother Earth and humanity. Everyone who feels inspired is invited to take part. The United Nations of the Spirit are a strong advocate for the recognition of the inherent Rights of Nature.
Mrs Mohini LOPEZ OSORIO, and Thomas FIEDLER, Germany, United Nations of the Spirit
|Reviving the Seas, feeding Humanity and caring for our Environment, socio-cultural Development and Preservation|
|The Ocean Reef-Towers Oases (ORTO) project is an integrated multi-sector solution providing Economic, Environmental and Social-Cultural benefits. This cross-sector “leverage solution” addresses SDG: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14,15, 17. This helps go beyond single issue, single sector solutions towards win-win-win solutions. This provides unique opportunities for urban and regional development and betterment and spaces for youth vocational training and lifelong learning, community development, societal and cultural preservation and innovative development.|
At its center ORTO considers marine pollution - the enormous eutrophication problem as a chance to build orchards as an unlimited resource of mussels, shrimps and fish, transporting the production process away from protected shores and bays to open sea shelf areas. The project supports in this way health, agricultural, infrastructural, and development aspects/objectives. It provides not only work and food, but grinded shells are for example a good soil improver, alongside with supporting sports fishing, diving tourism, animal feed production, energy co-generation, water desalination and coastal erosion protection.
ORTO is an innovative concept, uniting the best from the Artificial reef impact and an offshore extensive aquaculture. ORTO changes the antagonistic paradigm between Nature and Human society. It aims to create protected areas with reef habitats for reproduction of wild marine inhabitants especially in the damaged by eutrophication coastal zones, but this time through business investments.
This revolutionary food production approach allows the utilization of the vast yet unused territories of the open sea shelf areas, providing a chance for aquacultures to fulfill the upcoming food gap for humanity in the next few decades.
In addition to the economic and social benefits, the ORTO concept and technology is the second human business activity in all the human history that not harming the Environment, but reviving it, creating full of life marine oasis (the other exception is bee keeping).
ORTO’s concept and technology scale-up capabilities are coming from transforming the basic life organisms on Earth – marine microalgaes, up on food chain, providing enormous production capacity in the open Sea shelf areas in favor HARMONY and coexistence of Nature and Cultures, supports the Living Cosmos, and besides Humanity…
Selected AWARDS AND RECOGNITIONS
DIMITROV Atanas, Bulgaria, Sea Harmony Ltd, Sea-Harmony.com
|Art, Culture and Rights of Rivers in Brazil|
|Brazil is the country that concentrates most of the planet’s fresh water (around 12%). In the last few years, Brazilian people have become aware of the great threat posed to rivers and water springs by indiscriminate human activity. Meanwhile, in Latin America, countries such as Ecuador and Bolivia incorporated the Rights of Mother Earth and the principle of Living Well, that means Harmony with Nature, to their Constitutions. Moreover, rivers as Vilcabamba (Ecuador) and Atrato (Colombia) have been recognized as subjects of rights by their constitucional judges and Courts.
As part of the same process, in the last November 5th, when Brazil sadly remembered the second anniversary of its greatest environmental disaster, the murder of the River Doce, in Mariana, state of Minas Gerais, the Mother Earth came up with an answer to this and other threats against the waters in Brazil. The answer emerged as a national wave of mobilization, art, culture and love for nature, in the defense of Brazilian rivers and all watercourses of the world, awakening humankind for the Pachamama consciousness.
Named as Pororoca, the national mobilization, inspired by the movement Nación Pachamama, united many defenders of the waters for the rights of the rivers in Brazil, as several social movements, together with legal experts from all over the country in articulation with riverside peoples.
November 5th not only represents the disaster of Mariana, but is also known as the Culture Day in Brazil. It couldn`t have been chosen a better day so the Pororoca could impact as a cultural peal, to express peoples` will to defend the rivers Amazonas, São Francisco, Doce, Sinos and Camaquã, as well as other rivers with local relevance.
In this same day, meanwhile the mobilisations were happening in more than 30 cities in Brazil and other countries, in another scope the River Doce, leaning on international Treaties on Biological Rights, filed a lawsuit, represented by the NGO Assicoacao Pachamama, asking to be recognized as subject of rights (similar to the Atrato river in Colombia and Vilcabamba river in Ecuador). Another request was that all interested legal and fisical persons could join a court action as amicus naturae. The International Network for Latin American Democratic Constitutionalism, made up of academics of Constitutional Law, gave legal support and the action was announced in the city of Mariana, during the mobilization of MAB, Movement of the Affected by Dams.
DORACI MAGALHÃES, Brazil, Associação Pachamama
|Education à la nature dans le contexte du DD et des ODD : enjeux et méthodes.|
|L’Expédition Drone For Panthera 2017 au Kirghizstan - Utilisation de drones pour le suivi de la faune sauvage, cas particuliers de l’étude la panthère des neiges (Panthera uncia) entre 3’000 et 4’000 mètres d’altitude en République kirghize|
|La panthère des neiges vit dans un milieu hostile que sont les hautes montagnes d’Asie centrale. Étant donné que ses proies, notamment le bouquetin de Sibérie, affectionnent les pentes escarpées et accidentées situées jusqu’à 5000 m d’altitude, c’est là qu’elle vit. C’est donc là également que les personnes souhaitant l’étudier doivent se rendre malgré les difficultés présentes.
Depuis 2006 l’équipe OSI PANTHERA et ses volontaires arpentent les montagnes kirghizes à la recherche d’indices de présence laissés par ce magnifique félin. Ils posent des pièges-photographiques, récoltent des échantillons de fèces et passent des heures à scruter les montagnes en comptant les ongulés et autres proies mais aussi dans l’espoir d’apercevoir une panthère.
Pour notre étude, nous nous sommes demandé s’il était possible d’étudier la panthère des neiges et ses proies avec l’aide de drones.
Nos premiers essais sur le terrain nous ont ainsi permis de se rendre compte de certaines caractéristiques techniques à modifier afin de pouvoir répondre à nos problématiques. De nouveaux objectifs semblent également s’offrir à nous même s’ils nécessiteront bien des modifications techniques.
C’est donc avec de nouvelles idées que nous sommes revenus !
Par Jules CHAMPENOIS, 11 ans, Quentin LAFOUGE, 12 ans, Kais GLASSON, 16 ans, Claire ZEMMOUR, 13 ans, Florian KUHN, 15 ans, Volontaires des Programmes de Recherche Participative OSI DRONE CONNECTION et OSI PANTHERA
|Causes of migration in the global environmental and humanitarian crises|
|Having crossed 4 of the planetary boundaries that delimit the safe operating space for humanity we have an acute obligation to develop a clear strategy how to get back into the safe area as quickly as possible. Global warming is just one and not even the severest of the 4, however probably the one that is far most studied and best understood by now. Figueres, Schellnhuber et al. (Nature 546, 7660, 2017) have provided a comprehensive analysis of the timeframe in which the climate crises must be reversed. With such an immediate, global emission reduction policy, we would then have until 2045 approximately to reduce emissions to zero, globally (!). This means that this is now the best and perhaps the last chance to use the carbon budget so that we can shape the necessary structural change by means of a relatively fluid change in the global economy.
How can that work?
Regardless of the fact that ecologically, socially and even economically the only smart thing to do is to take immediate action to rigorously respect the maximum allowed remaining CO2-budget, this undoubtedly represents one of the greatest human history challenges the international community faces today sees. The therefore indispensable international legal capacity and assertiveness however we will only be provided if we succeed to first of all consequently establish unconditional legal reliability and superior responsibility of decision-makers, especially with regard to existing agreements and conventions that are binding under international law already today.
A brief look at the principles of human coexistence that are compulsory by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights quickly reveals the absurd incapacity of governance for action as a result of the constant careless violation against these highest of values of civilization, everywhere in the world today.
Also the fact that SDGs 1-12 exclusively relate to socio-economic issues, before climate and life in water and on land, only demonstrates once again that the protection of natural base of life is only possible in a socially just way, that means while respecting human rights.
In order to save the climate, we must thus first save humanity from itself!
How to guarantee the respect for human rights?
We do this almost only collectively and simply because we can do it without anyone stopping us, also because nobody wants to know the exact, complex relationships that in the end cause the gap between winners and losers of globalization to go ever further apart. And precisely because there is no real interest whatsoever in actually getting to the core of the problems, for decades the UN is being kept just small enough to prevent violations of international law from being adequately sanctioned. Thus, the UN cannot possibly fulfill its main task, namely the safeguarding of world peace, the comlyance of international law, of human rights. A long overdue reform of the UN is thereby prevented by the current configuration of power.
And the merely by habit and therefore "pseudo-legitimized" "western" way of life, is one of the main reasons why we still neither within society take the required measures to permanently secure the habitability of the planet.
Therefore, the first step towards tackling the global environmental and humanitarian crisis must be a clear, political and social commitment to fundamental environmental and ethical values to begin with.
The legal framework of environment and ethics
The globalization of markets and economic structures has led to globalized problems, as there is a lack of legal frameworks and control mechanisms that would ensure that they are sustainable, i. e. beneficial to the general public across generations. The required above mentioned clear, political and social commitment must therefore lead to a corresponding new legal understanding and a corresponding jurisdiction. It is therefore primarily a matter of a new interpretation of existing international law that in order to adequately respond to the urgencies of the situation.
Such a legal framework at UN level must include the following 3 principles:
Alternative UN reform through the formation of alliances
The call for a reform of the UN is already as old as the UN itself and the reform backlog is caused especially by the few, biggest profiteers of continued, global impunity and non-regulation. This stalemate situation causes more problems than the same power apparatus could ever be able to solve.
Therefore, we call for an "alternative UN reform" independent of the UN’s current inability to further develop itself in order to move from the current, supremely reactive to a proactive position.
To initiate this long-needed, objective-driven reform process, our goal must now be to build an independent, preferably non-partisan and transnational "alliance of the willing" founded on just this consistent commitment to common ecological and ethical core values.
To this end we lay the foundations for such strategic alliances to enter into dialogue with political parties and extra-parliamentary, societal actors who are already open to gather behind this common, understanding.
|Key Notes from The Bureau of Harmony With Nature of the United Nations|
|Maria Mercedes Sanchez, www.harmonywithnatureun.org and www.un.org|
|Closing Ceremony involving gratitude to water|
|Mrs Danielea Castell, Water Ceremonialist & Sound Weaver www.waterharmony.org|
|Actuellement la question de la nature est souvent confondue avec celle de biodiversité, ou intégrée dans un contexte de développement durable ou de transition, ou subdivisée dans les différents ODD (14 sur la conservation et l’exploitation des Océans, 15 sur les écosystèmes terrestres) alors que la nature est dans les 17 Objectifs. L’objectif en termes d’éducation est donc d’envisager cette question de façon systémique et prospective, en intégrant les différentes représentations et éthiques de la nature (G.Hess, 2013), les courants philosophiques et politiques (H.F. Afeissa, 2010) (R. Mathevet, 2012) (D. Bourg et A.Fragnière, 2014) et les approche anthropologiques (P. Descola, 2005).
Eduquer à la nature signifie donc de prendre en compte les différents types d’humanités et les différentes approches du droit environnemental, pour que nous soyons en mesure d’exercer notre responsabilité dans la diversité de nos contextes de vie aussi bien matériels que culturels.
S’appuyant sur ces champs de savoir totalement renouvelés, l’éducation à la nature ne mobilise pas que des compétences systémiques, prospectives et en terme de responsabilité et éthique, mais nécessite des changements de posture, des outils et la mise en place de contextes et stratégies nouveaux dans ce monde en devenir, où les enjeux numériques, techniques, économiques et utilitaristes dominent alors que le rapprochement d’avec la nature devient de plus urgent. Mais c’est dans une optique positive que seront abordées ces questions.
MULNET Didier, France, Réseau Universitaire Formation et Education au développement, http://reunifedd.fr
|Allowing room for the Other, other people, other Species|
|Allowing room for others is essential for the reverence and respect necessary to form and foster relationships. Relationships are the key to both sanity and happiness. A community of relationships binds us together with one another. It is no less true for our relationships with the rest of nature than it is for our relationships with other human beings.
Mr Steve Szeghi, Wilmington College, Wilmington, Ohio, Participant on the United Nations Commission Harmony with Nature in discipline Ecological Economics, www.wilmington.edu
|How anthropogenic barriers along national borders harm the rest of life|
|There are several prominent examples around the globe of proposed or actual large-scale barriers that have been put in place to control human movement across national borders. These can be detrimental to the rest of life, by cutting natural territories and limiting migration, for instance. Alternatives to such borders include peace parks, but further solutions are required if we are to reverse the detrimental effect on the rest of life that such barriers can have.
Mr Joe Gray, http://www.ecologicalcitizen.net/, UK
|Rights of Nature for Peace: Environmental Education and SDGs|
|Capitalizing on the emergent debate of the Rights of Nature for Peace, this paper provides an overview of the co-evolutionary processes that life has developed over billions of years on our planet. The main intention is to identify their operational principles and strategies in order to learn how to co-evolve in harmony with our environment. Humans have much to learn from Mother Earth to build sustainable futures. The philosophical considerations from nature show us that those co-evolutionary operational principles of ecosystem cooperation must be bio-mimetically copied, emulated, and improved to reduce ecological footprint. Environmental Education is the proper field to raise SDGs awareness in formal and non formal education. In conclusion, biomimetic emerges as a sustainable worldview that uses nature as teacher to face the complex challenges of the Anthropocene.
Mr Javier COLLADO RUANO, National University of Education, Ecuador, www.unae.edu.ec
|Tribunal International Monsanto|
|L’avis consultatif rendu par le Tribunal International Monsanto, tribunal d’opinion institué par la société civile, le 18 avril 2017 mérite une attention toute particulière au regard plus spécifiquement de la progression du concept d’écocide. Porté par End Ecocide on Earth, mouvement citoyen, membre du comité d’organisation, il a été demandé aux juges de vérifier, si d’une manière ou d’une autre les activités de Monsanto portent atteinte aux droits humains et à la dignité des générations futures. Les juges estiment que le temps est venu de consacrer l’écocide et de réaffirmer la primauté des droits humains sur le droit des investissements. Cette décision est incontestablement hors cadre, audacieuse tout aussi atypique que nécessaire pour protéger durablement les droits de la Nature et de l’Humanité.
Ms GAILLARD Emilie, France, End Ecocide on Earth - Tribunal International Monsanto
|From Natural Rights to Nature’s Rights in the Age of Sustainable Development|
|A few years back I spoke in Budapest on Nature’s Rights as to how they can be derived from the philosophy of natural rights ( A You Tube Link to the presentation is at the bottom of this abstract, second half will provide a glimpse into one third of my presentation).
It is indeed ironical that we live in a world that depends on rights of human, yet fails to admit that rights of humans are intricately linked to the rights of nature. Without nature there will be no humans, humans are part of nature, nature is not dependent on humans, humans are dependent on nature. Hence UN system has given us the concept of ’Sustainable Development,’ without clearly specifying sustainability of what, for how long, for which economic system. Similarly, development of what HDI, GDP and for whom, humans only? Or humans and other animal species? Or a combined non-anthropocentric approach encompassing every thing on this interdependent planet? I will like to make an attempt to clarify this quandary by expending on the concept and connecting it with and why Rights of Nature have to be advanced and recognised in this great balancing act that international organisations have invited themselves into.
Prof. Sudhir Chopra, J.D., Ph.D., FRGS, Cambridge Central Asia Forum
|Integrating Rights of Nature with Agricultural Development|
|The most important problem for the future of humans, other than the control of their populations, is how are they to be fed without threatening more and more of the natural world and species diversity? For the passed 40 years we have been developing agricultural techniques modelled on how ecological systems work, and run experimental farms to test the results. The whole farm becomes a nature reserve, it is a self sustaining highly diversified system where the net biological production is increased and the intrinsic value of the living and non living world a central concern.
Mrs Dr Marthe Kiley-Worthington, Centre d’eco-etho recherche et education, France/UK, www.eco-etho-recherche.com
|BALANCING HUMAN RIGHTS AND NATURES RIGHTS|
|The reciprocal obligations, rights and responsibilities, between humanity and nature are deeply rooted in ancient human cultures and practices. Todays human rights movement however did not include natures rights as an underlying premise in the international human rights framework. Its comparatively recent evolution has traditionally concerned itself with a with emerging voices and movements such as antislavery, feminism, racism which whilst being important also takes the focus off the underlying basis of our most fundamental human right - the right to life. Without nature we cannot exist.
The International human rights framework conflicts with the cultural fabrics of many non-Western nation states for many reasons. Advocacy for Natures rights and its incorporation into the international human rights framework provides a forum to unite the cultures of all peoples and to guarantee our right to life through legal recognition of the rights of that which gives us life - ie. nature. It also provides a powerful counterbalance against corporate rights protecting the most vulnerable human beings.
Caroline HUNT MATTHES
|Maria Mercedes Sanchez, www.harmonywithnatureun.org and www.un.org|
|Advancing Holistic and Ocean Rights-Based Governance|
|The ocean covers over seventy percent of our planet, generates over fifty percent of the oxygen, regulates climate and provides food and jobs for millions of people. It is truly the source of life. Despite international laws and agreements designed to sustain and protect the ocean, ocean health is in decline. This is because current ocean law and policy largely adopts a human-centered worldview rather than an Earth-centered worldview. We treat the ocean as an infinite “resource,” with value derived from human use and utility, when in fact, it is a finite entity with its own limits and intrinsic worth.
Earth Law Center (ELC) is promoting a new paradigm for ocean governance- one that focuses on the Ocean’s own well-being and is guided by principles of sustainability, ecosystem health, precaution and interconnectedness. In line with SDG 14; we must aim to not only establish protection for marine ecosystems and species, but to ensure these areas are fully protected and effectively managed. This can only be done through the adoption of holistic and rights-based law and policy.
Topics of discussion:
- ELC’s Rights of the Ocean Initiative, launched at the UN Ocean Conference with over 60 signatories from 32 countries (http://bit.ly/ELCocs)
- An overview of current Ocean Law and Policy
- Why a holistic and rights-based approach is necessary to ensure a healthy and thriving ocean and society
- What would a holistic and rights-based approach look like in practice? (Focusing on Marine Protected Areas and Marine Mammal Sanctuaries) What are the necessary legal components? How can we integrate Earth Law into Ocean Law?
Mrs Michelle BENDER, Earth Law Center, United States, www.earthlaw.org
|How to initiate a World Right Referendum in order to recognize fundamental rights for non-human beings|
|As an introduction: presentation of the progress since the international conference ’Who has Right to the World?’ (organized by Védegylet in 2012 in Budapest) and since the OSI Geneva conference in 2013.|
The concept and the new strategy of a World Right Referendum in order to recognize fundamental rights for non-human beings - not waiting any more for any future administrative solution by others but assuming our own responsibility. So this very first global referendum would propose an effective recognition of fundamental rights for Nature by the signature of the declaration, which could be signed progressively without any time limit or marketing goal (such as gathering one million signature, etc.) Indivuals could sign as well as organizations, local, regional or national governments, churches or even companies. This initiates a brand new method after the general strategy prevailing till now: green movements trying to put pressure by popular petitions on governments and international organizations which has never lead to any significant global change. This World Right Referendum shows that the real change strats by assuming our own responsibity by recognizing fundamental rights for Nature. Without this change in our own
Gabor KARDOS, Védegylet - Protect the Future, www.védegylet.hu
|VOICE OF THE EARTH PROPOSAL of a joint Indigenous-Western presentation|
|We are concerned that we have little time left to turn climate change and destructive corporate practices around, and we believe that we need to address the root of our problems: our thinking. As Glenn A. Parry wrote: “We need to reclaim a wider and wiser consciousness that is increasingly whole and interconnected.”
The question we are often asked is, does it matter in today’s times that Indigenous peoples have lived sustainably for millennia, that they have treated the Earth with profound respect and acted as Her custodians? The answer is ‘Yes’. We know that the world’s natural ecosystem has declined by 52% since 1970.
According to the UN, Indigenous territories are estimated to cover approximately 20% of the Earth’ landmass. What is astonishing is that this 20% landmass stewarded by indigenous peoples contains 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity.
Indigenous peoples demonstrate how to live in accordance with Earth Law.
INTERWOVEN PRESENTATIONS – Indigenous and Western joined together
Calixto and Eva will both speak from their backgrounds, Indigenous and Western, and will conclude together in the final piece.
1. CALIXTO SUAREZ VILLAFANE:
Calixto will speak about how the Mamos, the spiritual and secular leaders of the peoples of the Sierra, understand Earth Law.
“The wisdom of Arhuaco people is not just of one person, we are a unity of ancestral culture. For that the Mamos don’t manifest themselves as wise men, healers or curanderos. We are harmonizers and guidance counselors, fundamental principles of any culture of our planet.
What we are seeing how we are impoverishing the planet and those who live there in our way of thinking is nothing in nature is considered evil, everything is good. What is causing all of this is becoming wicked, are human’s laws. The humans have changed another direction having strayed from their path and are accelerating their self-destruction.
The natural law is simple: humility to take from nature, to maintain
balance spiritually and physically.
For us, the Arhuaco, the humility is a sign of wisdom. That’s what we want to pass to future generations. The Mamos invite you to rediscover our ancestors, our roots and taking care of these roots, of the knowledge of the Mamos. In this way, we could arrive into the deepest aspects of this knowledge and transmit it to someone else. In the holy and snowy lands of Santa Marta, there is valuable Knowledge to share on philosophy, medicine, and the interpretation of the phenomena that occur in and around us.”
2. EVA WILLMANN DE DONLEA
Eva will speak about the merging of Indigenous knowledge with innovation and sustainability.
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